Questions tagged [amplitude]

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Maximum Throughput of QAM system

Consider a QAM system designed to transmit over a bandwidth of $3 \ \mathrm{kHz}$. The channel's power constraint imposes a maximum $\mathrm{SNR}$ of $30 \ \mathrm{dB}$. The system can tolerate a ...
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2answers
4k views

Is there a function in python which returns the Amplitude/Sound Pressure Level of a sound file(like .wav) file?

I found a function called scipy.io.wavefile.read() which returns the sampling rate and an array. But in the documentation, it is not specified that whether the ...
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2answers
3k views

Help me understand how Pulse-Amplitude Modulation (PAM) works

Reading on the Internet i learned that PAM is basically a sampling technique which converts an analog signal into a discrete signal. It modulates a train of pulses by varying the amplitudes of the ...
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1answer
779 views

When does the Amplitude Spectrum equal the Magnitude Spectrum?

I had the following question on edX: I'm failing to understand why the second signal has $M(\omega)=A(\omega)$. First I find the DTFT of the signal: $$\mathcal{F}\{\delta [n]+\delta [n-1]\}\ =\ ...
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2answers
196 views

Lock-in amplifier

From what I have studied so far I have understood that the benefit of a lock in amp is its ability to resolve the amplitude of a signal which is deep into noise. I was wondering if the same concept ...
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2answers
2k views

Envelope detector for non-zero mean signal (Matlab)

I used hilbert transform to get an envelope signal. envelope = abs(hilbert(inputSignal)) This works for zero-mean signal: But, for nonzero-mean case, ...
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2answers
2k views

Quadrature modulation for FM and AM

This might be a naïve question, are these correct statements? Both amplitude and frequency modulated radio signals nowadays use quadrature modulation and demodulation as a mean to transfer and ...
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95 views

When to use raw signal strength, vs. when to filter first

I am collecting I/Q samples from an RTL SDR dongle. I notice the rtl_power utility provided for Linux filters and does other processing, before reporting signal ...
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0answers
67 views

ssbmod single sideband modulation artifacts

clc; clear all; close all; [c,fs]=audioread('60hz.wav') r=ssbmod(c,160, fs) r=r/max(max(abs(r))) audiowrite('artifacts.wav',r,fs,'BitsPerSample',24) I am trying ...
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1answer
254 views

Why does QAM use two cycles instead of one per byte?

If you look at this image, you can see that you have 256 possible binary values by modulating the amplitude (the radius of the trigonometric circle) and the phase (the degrees) of the carrier. ...
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1answer
3k views

Amplitude transfer function

Given a LTI-system $$y[n]=x[n]-2x[n-1]+y[n-1]- \frac{8}{9}y[n-2]$$ The transfer function $H(z)$ is: $$H(z) = \frac{1-2z^{-1}}{1-z^{-1}+ \frac{8}{9} z^{-2}} $$ How do I calculate the amplitude ...
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2answers
3k views

How do I calculate the frequency of the highest amplitude wave?

I have a number of values retrieved from a sampled signal that is generated randomly for no specific purpose. The task I am presented with (Quoted below): calculate the frequency of the highest ...
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0answers
58 views

amplitude at exact frequency in wide band signal

Could anyone suggest the most computationaly efficient method for finding amplitude of exact frequency having a noisy wide band signal. To be more specific about a task. I have some physical ...
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0answers
219 views

How do I find amplitude modulation effects in natural signals

It is relatively easy to discover overlaid (additive) signals in natural phenomena using wavelet decomposition, Fourier Transforms, CEEMD, etc, because addition in the time domain is the same as ...
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2answers
5k views

Extracting accurate phase and amplitude information from FFT with an arbitrary number of samples

This is a followup question to one I asked earlier based on the chat after the answer given by @hotpaw2, and cross-posted from stackoverflow since it was suggested it is more relevant to DSP. I have a ...
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1answer
78 views

DAPSK bit assignment for the amplitude difference

I am studying DAPSK(Differential amplitude phase shift keying) at the moment. I have a 64-DAPSK. We are using 4 concentric rings and 6 bits per symbol. The first two bits contain the information of ...
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1answer
1k views

DFT normalization for amplitude estimation

After an interesting recent answer, I'm doing some research on proper DFT normalization for sinusoidal peak estimation. It's clear that to get the correct amplitude from DFT peaks we need to normalize ...
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3answers
92 views

Logaritmic amplitude squarewave

This morning i was experimenting with GNU Octave. I created several signals(Sine, Saw tooth, square wave and noise). After this i used the periodogram. in the periodogram the square wave weren't ...
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1answer
535 views

How do I calculate the autocorrelation of a train pulse having only the pdf?

I have a pulse train of a fixed period, but a random amplitude following a Gaussian distribution $(\mu=0,\sigma=1)$. I know how to work with a random period or delay, but how do I proceed to calculate ...
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1answer
513 views

Scale of Amplitude in FFT (Matlab)

Using Matlab's FFT function, I am getting different Amplitude values in a particular frequeny, when I use different range of Bandpass filters centering around that particular frequency. What's wrong ...
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1answer
89 views

Why does the standard waveform from audio out get distorted when I reduce the amplitude?

In my attempt to generate a standard sine wave out of a sound card, I started using matlab which has a function soundsc for scaling the output ...
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1answer
390 views

Amplitude of an Image

If I take a two dimensional image and conduct a fourier transform on it, I would get a two dimensional matrix of complex values. If I want to find the amplitude of each value, is that the same as ...
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1answer
206 views

In speech recognition applications, how are different voice amplitudes handled? (i.e loud vs. quiet tones)

I am doing some research related to real-time voice/hotword recognition engines. In most current implementations, input is divided into frames (overlapping or not), and audio features are extracted ...
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1answer
931 views

What's the fastest way to get the phase angle and amplitude of a COSINUS 50hz signal?

I'm not a DSP specialist.I'm working in transmission and distribution. I need to retrieve the amplitude and phase angle of a discrete 50Hz COSINUS signal as fast as possible. Right now I'm using a ...
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609 views

How to show the time history of a signal down-sampled ? under the rate of 25Hz & 40Hz and find its DFT analysis?

How to show the time history of a signal down-sampled under the rates of 25Hz & 40Hz and find its DFT analysis using Matlab ? The sample signal is in a data file (sensor_data.mat) its sampling ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the right way to extract particular frequency phase information from FFT?

Signals acquisition: Two proximity sensors are positioned Orthogonal to each other. These would be measuring the vibrations of a rotating shaft. Problem: Each of these 2 signals has two dominant ...
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1answer
78 views

What is the reason for “random” spikes in amplitude of a guitar waveform?

In the image below there is the waveform of a clean, strummed guitar note, where the absolute value of the amplitude values has been taken. At the point marked there is a momentary spike in amplitude ...
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1answer
508 views

Calculate amplitude of noise added Sine Gaussian signal from frequency domain

How to calculate the time domain amplitude of noise added Sine Gaussian signal from corresponding frequency domain. Here time domain amplitude is 2. How to get this from frequency domain. ...
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3answers
1k views

Amplitude of frequency in MATLAB FFT

I am trying to extract amplitude of specific frequency in Matlab FFT. Is it possible to use the abs(mag)... But I do not know in which sample to look for ...
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0answers
51 views

How to scale fundamental frequency to [0,1]?

[Sorry for the noobish question...] I have a signal which is known to be generated by a process operating at some known rate $f$ Hz and the sampling rate is also know to be $K$ Hz. Now I do a ...
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1answer
408 views

Extracting amplitudes of components from FFT

I have a 4096-point FFT of a continuous pipe organ sound (no windowing). I wish to extract the relative amplitudes of the various harmonically-related sinusoidal components for voicing analysis. I ...
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40 views

Amplitudes and phases of transform of an image

I have recorded an image of a large macromolecule and after several types of image analysis, have obtained a rotationally averaged image, that is not quite perfect, but appears to show 6-fold symmetry....
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2answers
1k views

A clarinet has no even harmonics. What would produce no odd harmonics?

According to this link, the waveforms of clarinets do not have even-numbered components in their harmonic series: A closed cylindrical air column will produce resonant standing waves at a ...
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2answers
3k views

FFT Overlap in Matlab

I am getting incorrect amplitude of my signal post FFT (90% error) and it does not improve after applying any of the window functions prior to FFT. After reading a number of articles, I believe FFT ...
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1answer
11k views

Converting raw I/Q to dB

I am getting I/Q data from a software-defined radio. I want to do some stuff on signals in the data, but only if it exceeds a certain range. What is the general procedure to get dB (dBm, or anything)...
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1answer
369 views

How to find phase difference between 2 signals, one has an unknown function

I have a system that is forced by a sinusoidal function with specific amplitude, phase and frequency ( all these are known ahead of time). I get a deformation of sinusoidal form as well (think of a ...
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78 views

Phase difference betwen 2 signals, 1 signal with unknown function

I understand this question may have been addressed however I have a major difference. I started out with a sinusoid of form A*sin(2 pi freq t + phase) and I know ...
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2answers
3k views

Relationship between Fs (the Nyquist frequency), and the frequency used with a sine wave

Say you are given a vector t =[...] for the time to be used to generate a sine wave of a certain frequency say FHz. I have all the data for t so I can conclude what dt is (my dt = 1d-5). Now I am to ...
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2answers
335 views

Amplifying part of a signal

If I want to amplify a certain frequency in a digital signal, can I just take the FFT, increase the real part of the value for the frequency I want (leaving the imaginary part alone), and then take ...
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2answers
429 views

Tuning a radio to a certain frequency

I've a fundamental problem with understanding terminology used in DSP. What does it mean to tune a radio (for example, a software defined radio) to a certain carrier frequency $f$? The received signal ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the rate of change of amplitude? Frequency?

I know that frequency is not the same as the rate of change of amplitude, but why? Surely a high frequency is when your amplitude changes rapidly. Does an FFT perform something similar to ...
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2answers
6k views

Why FFT does not retrieve original amplitude when increasing signal length

I don't understand why FFT return different maximum amplitude as the signal length increase. I would except that with a large signal length according to the frequency, detected amplitude will be very ...
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2answers
539 views

Is phase and amplitude information necessarily lost when undersampling?

Is phase and amplitude information necessarily lost when undersampling if you have a constant periodic single frequency sinusoidal? My second question is: How can one determine the undersampling ...
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1answer
3k views

How is the symbol error rate for M-QAM, 4QAM,16QAM and 32QAM derived?

How do you derive the theoretical symbol error rate as a function of $E_\mathrm{b}/N_0$ for 4QAM? I know that the result should be $Q\left(\sqrt{2E_\mathrm{b}/N_0}\right)$ but I am ĺooking for the ...
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1answer
154 views

Amplitude Spectrum, Nyquist Frequency, mixed/min/max wavelets

The problem is here. Now I know the definition of mixed/max/min phase wavelets, whether the roots lie within the unit circle or not. Starting from n = 1, let $$ x_t = ( 5, 6) $$ $$ X(z) = 5 + 6z $$ ...
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1answer
1k views

Simulink for Amplitude Modulation

I am using Matlab Simulink to analyse Amplitude Modulation in Noise. I attached my system below. My problems: 1)In the mixer I am using a bandpass filter and another one after the envelope detector ...
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1answer
2k views

Java amplitude processing

I have some code that collects amplitudes from a complex sound like a song. I now want to plot a graph of amplitude vs time, for the graph plotting I use JavaFX. However I get about 9 million ...
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3answers
4k views

Adequate representation of frequency domain amplitude/magnitude of FFT of a signal

I'm quite new to the subject and am having fun playing around with the FFT. What I am currently doing is trying to sample an audio signal and display its frequency spectrum at the same time. This ...
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1answer
125 views

Obtaining the frequency and phase spectra from fourier transform?

For a question on my homework, I am given f(t) = e^(-a*abs(t)) and asked to find the Fourier transform of the function. I understand how to do that part, but then ...
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5answers
8k views

Equal power crossfade

I am working on an audio system where I need to implement an equal power crossfade between two signals over a specified number of samples. Initially I implemented a linear fade but this creates a dip ...