Questions tagged [adaptive-filters]

An adaptive filter is a filter that self-adjusts its transfer function according to an optimization algorithm driven by an error signal.

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1answer
712 views

Adaptive filtering: Optimum filter length and delay

I'm trying to find the optimum filter length for an Adaptive Filtering, using RLS Algorithm. I'm using this design: So the "error" signal is the signal without noise (and that's the signal that I ...
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2answers
500 views

how filters noise of same frequencies(lms)

I am sharing my assumption. Please correct and guide me If I am wrong. I can't understand or thinking my assumption is wrong somewhere. We can decompose voice signal or noise signal into a number of ...
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1answer
2k views

MATLAB : Proper estimation of weights and how to calculate MSE for QPSK signal for Constant Modulus Algorithm

I had asked conceptual Question about Constant Modulus Algorithm. I am implementing the simple steps of the algorithm, as I do not have the cma() built in module. ...
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2answers
539 views

IIR Lattice Filter in C programming

I would like to implement Lattice IIR filter in c, i can't defined the value of gN, i know that x(n) = fN(n), but how to initialize gN ?. you can find the algorithm here : n
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1answer
1k views

What's the advantage of adaptive IIR filter against FIR?

Adaptive IIR filters is not straightforward, and may be unstable. Many people say that adaptive IIR filters use less coefficients than FIR filters. What I'm curious about is how many coefficients can ...
19
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3answers
898 views

Should the input of a Kalman filter always be a signal and its derivative?

I always see the Kalman filter used with such input data. For example, the inputs are commonly a position and the correspondent velocity: $$ (x, \dfrac{dx}{dt}) $$ In my case, I only have 2D ...
8
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2answers
204 views

For complex values, why use complex conjugate in convolution?

Taken from Adaptive Filter Theory (2014) written by Haykin page 110 : $$y(n) = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} w_k^*u(n-k), \quad n=0,1,2,...$$ where $u$ and $w$ are complex values. My question is why use ...
5
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1answer
4k views

What's the Difference Between LMS and Gradient Descent Adaptation?

I found algorithms that seems the same to me, but they are described with different names (in field of adaptive filtering). For example: LMS - least-mean-squares seems to be GD - stochastic gradient ...
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1answer
754 views

Using recursive least square filter

I am fairly new to the signal processing world and that being said I have little to no experience. The problem that I am having is that I am not quite sure how to use ...
3
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1answer
559 views

How to include phase in a sinusoidal Kalman Filter

I start with the equation for sinusoidal motion with an offset and differentiate to get the 2nd order ODE describing the motion of the object. \begin{align} x &= A\sin(\omega t + \phi) + O\\ \dot{...
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1answer
163 views

Hardware requirements for ambient active noise cancallation system using adaptive LMS

Background I'm working on a hobby project to reduce ambient low-frequency noise generated from HVAC equipment within a small area of a room. The noise is predictable and concentrated between 55Hz and ...
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1answer
80 views

Adaptive filter to scale and phase shift two sensors output

One way of separating downgoing and upgoing wavefields in offshore seimic processing is to add signals from hydrophone and vertical component of the geophone (they are co-located). Hydrophone only ...