I've looked at various resources about Delta-Sigma modulators, and I find them fascinating. However, I'm confused on a particular point and and am looking for an explanation.
In my understanding, the Delta-Sigma modulators operates by sampling at a very high sampling rate (much higher than the ulitmate rate) an input analog signal. During this process the digitized signal converted back to into an analog waveform and fed back into the input signal (possibly a number of times) which has the effect of high pass filtering the quantization noise -- so-called 'Noise Shaping'.
So far, so good. To me, this makes sense. However, the next stage, I find confusing.
The resulting digitized signal has been quantized using only single bit, and somehow, a digital filter is then applied to this signal which does two things:
(1) Filters out the shaped quantization noise and (2) Re-quantizes the signal to a much higher resolution (e.g. 1-bit => 24-bit)
The resulting signal is then decimated to the desired sampling rate.
My question is about the re-quantization. How is this performed? Any pointers appreciated. If you wish to poke any other holes in my understanding of DSM, that's also fine. Cheers!