# How to Solve Image Denoising with Total Variation Prior Using ADMM?

I was looking at some articles or Wikipedia on denoising images using the Total Variation norm. The setup is the Rudin Osher Fatemi (ROF) scheme, and the corresponding equation is:

$$F(u)=\int_{\Omega}|D u|+\lambda \int_{\Omega}(K u-f)^{2} d x$$

Some of the sources mentioned using the ADMM optimizer to solve this denoising problem. But I was hoping that someone might be able to direct me to some code to show an implementation of this approach. Code in MATLAB, Julia, or Python would be excellent, just something to get started with.

Thanks.

## Formulation of the Denoising Problem

The problem is given by:

$$\arg \min_{x} \frac{1}{2} {\left\| x - y \right\|}_{2}^{2} + \lambda \operatorname{TV} \left( x \right) = \arg \min_{x} \frac{1}{2} {\left\| x - y \right\|}_{2}^{2} + \lambda {\left\| D x \right\|}_{1}$$

Where $$D$$ is the column stacked derivative operator.

In the above I used the Anisotropic TV Norm.

The ADMM problem will be formulated as:



\begin{aligned} \arg \min_{x, z} \quad & \frac{1}{2} {\left\| x - y \right\|}_{2}^{2} + \lambda {\left\| z \right\|}_{1} \\ \text{subject to} \quad & D x = z \end{aligned}

The ADMM will have 3 steps:

1. vX = mC \ (vY + (paramRho * mD.' * (vZ - vU)));.
2. vZ = ProxL1(mD * vX + vU, paramLambda / paramRho);.
3. vU = vU + mD * vX - vZ;.

Where mC = decomposition(mI + paramRho * (mD.' * mD), 'chol');.

I coded this solution in a MATLAB function - SolveProxTvAdmm().
I compared it to a reference by CVX:

The full code is available on my StackExchange Signal Processing Q75231 GitHub Repository.

Remark: For the Deblurring problem, open a new question and I will post a code for it as well.

I have done a bit of this myself and you'd need to adapt.
There is a Douglas Rachford self implemented and a primal dual approach here implemented in Recovery of Fusion Frame Structured Signal via Compressed Sensing.

Note that Clarice Poon (Bath University) had some nice tutorials on it.

Another source is the Numerical Tours from Gabriel Peyre. See Denoising by Sobolev and Total Variation Regularization.

• This is great information. I will take a look at the references you cited. Ihave not really been able to find too many tutorials on this topic, so I really appreciate the pointer in the right direction. May 18 at 17:51