I would like to make a plot like 1 and see the real and imaginary part in a 3d space. I dont want to make exactly the same plot. for me it is okay if i see the peak for both signals shifted. it is also ok for me if i can only calculate the rotation without plotting.

I tried it with a 3d plot python matplotlib

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib as mpl
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3d

//create example Signal, sinus and cosinus-> they are shifted in time so i would like to see the rotation in complex plane

time = np.arange(1000)/1000)
signalSinus= np.sin(100*2.0*np.pi*time)
signalCosinus = np.sin(100*2.0*np.pi*time+np.pi)

fftSinus = np.fft.fft(signalSinus)
ftCosinus = np.fft.fft(signalCosinus)

ax.plot(np.fft.rfft(len(fftSinus),d=1/1000),np.imag(fftSinus),np.real(ffSinus)) // three axis plot but how to?
plt.show() //

i dont get right results it looks pretty strange to me :D if i plot both signals they look the same.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ nparange -> np.arange $\endgroup$
    – P2000
    Sep 4, 2020 at 1:28

1 Answer 1


(1) nparange -> np.arange, and

(2) np.fft.rfft(len(fftSinus),d=1/1000)

You want the frequency values. You can start with just np.arange(1000) for normalized frequency, or frequency indices, and worry about actual values later.

Organize your ax.plot() as follows:

  1. x = frequency index
  2. y = imag
  3. z = real
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ could you make a working example that i can execute? $\endgroup$
    – Khan
    Sep 4, 2020 at 13:19
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ how about you edit your code with the above suggestions, and if you're stuck maybe I can have a look at it. $\endgroup$
    – P2000
    Sep 4, 2020 at 16:11
  • $\begingroup$ i tried it and your comments do not help, I dont know how to proceed. For me my ax.plot is already organized as you mentioned... $\endgroup$
    – Khan
    Aug 2, 2021 at 18:37

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