I am studying Richard lyon chap3 , article "Understanding the DFT equation "

But i am bit confused how x(n) is calculated specially x(0) and x(1) because apparently x(n) is calculated by plugging values of n and ts in eq 3.11

If this is the case, then why we are getting exactly same value of x(0) and x(1)

I have attached snapshot enter image description here


Have you tried plugging in the values? It's just the way it turns out because




But since $\sin(3\pi/4)=\sin(\pi/4)$ and $\sin(x+\pi)=-\sin(x)$ you get


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  • $\begingroup$ sin(x+pi)=-sin(x) how you relate to current scenario? I am unable to see plain pi term ,although it appears as fractions though $\endgroup$ – Man May 27 at 9:47
  • $\begingroup$ @Man: $\sin(\pi/2+3\pi/4)=\sin(\pi/4 + \pi)=-\sin(\pi/4)$ $\endgroup$ – Matt L. May 27 at 9:52
  • $\begingroup$ @Man basic trigonometric function knowledge is very helpful when dealing with these functions! (This is actually high-school level math, but if it helps: draw a plot of a sine, and verify visually that $\sin(x+\pi)=-\sin(x)$, it's not hard.) $\endgroup$ – Marcus Müller May 27 at 9:55
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    $\begingroup$ @Man, MarcusMüller Even easier using (cosine,sine) points on the unit circle. All of Matt L.'s relations too. A calculator could have easily resolved the original question numerically. C'mon Man, pick up the spoon yourself. (No, I'm not the question downvoter.) $\endgroup$ – Cedron Dawg May 27 at 11:17

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