I have a signal recorded by an accelerometer in m/s^2. It is basically accelerations over a period of time. I have calculated the power spectrum of the signal over in a certain frequency band and then transferred into a 20log(x) scale for plotting. I am wondering what should be unit for it?
Since it has been transferred into a log scale, I could use dB, but the standard formula for dB calculation is something like 20log(x/x0), where x0 is the reference and cancels out the unit leaving us with just dB. I am not sure if I can the same thing in the above case since I don't have any reference power? Can I just assume something like x0=1 and report the numbers in dB?
If not, then I am not sure what should accompany dB. In one paper, I have seen for accelerations reported in gravities 1g = 9.8m/s^2,dB g^2/2 was used as the unit for the power spectrum? This makes me guess maybe I should use dB m/2s^2 or weirdly dB m^2/2s^4? Any ideas are greatly appreciated.