I want to study Detailed explanation of hybrid systems?Which incorporate both continuous and discrete time signals & systems? for example In which a continuous-time input signal is transformed into a discrete-time output signal and vice versa. An analog to digital (A=D) converter is an example of a hybrid system. Where can i find detailed explanation to quench my curiosity/thirst of this topic , i have tried searching google but no useful result

  • $\begingroup$ No information on A/D converters on google? Maybe you have to specify more clearly what exactly you're interested in. $\endgroup$
    – Matt L.
    May 6, 2019 at 8:40
  • $\begingroup$ I am not interested in any special example/case(e.g analog to digital ). I was looking for generic explanation for this topic . I was looking general for traits of this category by which i may be able to identify systems of this type $\endgroup$
    – DSP_CS
    May 6, 2019 at 9:01

1 Answer 1


If you're not interested in specific practical aspects of A/D conversion, but if you want to learn basic theory concerning sampling and digital (discrete-time) processing of analog (continuous-time) signals, I'd recommend that you read and study the chapter Sampling of Continuous-Time Signals in Oppenheim en Schafer's book Discrete-Time Signal Processing.


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