I know that the power of a discrete signal is given by:

$$P(x) = \lim_{N \rightarrow \infty}\frac{1}{2N + 1}\sum ^N _{n = -N} | x[n]|^2$$

However, I would like to know whether the power of a discrite time finite length signal is defined as:

$$P(x) = \frac{1}{N - 1}\sum ^N _{n = 1} | x[n]|^2$$

Or as,

$$P(x) = \frac{1}{N}\sum ^{N - 1} _{n = 0} | x[n]|^2$$

Being $N$ the length of the signal, the number of samples of it.


A finite length signal has a power of zero. This becomes obvious if you just use the first formula in your question and apply it to a signal of finite length. Finite length signals are so-called energy signals, and their energy is given by


where $N$ is the length of the signal (and we assume that the signal is defined in the index range $n\in[0,N-1]$).

The expression


is the power of an $N$-periodic signal, as explained in this answer.


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