I am a little bit confused about the concept of sampling rate conversion. Consider the following question:
Wideband telephony signals are sampled at a sampling frequency fS1 = 16kHz. To process these signals with an automatic speech recognizer, the sampling rate is converted here to fS2 = 11.025kHz, i.e., the wideband signal is ﬁrst upsampled by a factor U, lowpassﬁltered, and ﬁnally downsampled by a factor R. Determine the lowest possible values for R and U.
I am not sure whether U / R = 16kHz / 11.025 kHz, or vice-versa?