The lower the cut-off frequency of the anti-aliasing filter, the higher the delay thus degrading your phase margin. You need to be really careful when implementing an anti-aliasing filter in control loops applications.
First question, what is the amount of noise above 500 Hz? Based on the picture, you have noise at about 3 kHz, the main purpose of your anti-aliasing filter is to remove this spike, I would not worry too much about content between 500 Hz and 3 kHz.
Second question, what is the bandwidth of your control loop? 100 Hz? This is not the same as your sampling frequency. Typically it should be BW <= Fs/10. In your case BW <= 100 Hz.
Third question, what amplitude of aliasing can your application live with? If the bandwidth of your control loop is 100 Hz, aliasing occuring at f > 100 Hz will not really impact your performance, you only need to focus on aliasing that occuring at f <= 100 Hz. Even if there's aliasing occuring, if it less than say 1% of the signal of interest, you can probably neglect it.
Fourth question, can you run your control loop at 32 kHz? You would not need an anti-aliasing filter then. (I'm assuming that there's already an analog anti-aliasing filter in the gyroscope).
Based on the information we have, here's what I would do :
If you cannot sample faster than 1 khz, the biggest problem is that the 3-kHz spike will alias to DC (or near DC) . So you need to filter it. I would design a notch filter that removes your 3 kHz spike. This notch filter will add a smaller delay compared to a low-pass filter with a 500 Hz cut-off.
However, if you can sample faster, say 4 kHz, then the 3 khz spike will alias at 1 kHz which should be outside the bandwidth of your controller. In that case, I would only design a simple low-pass filter with a high cut-off frequency.
Edit : You mention you have an FPGA. In that case keep your sampling at 32 kHz and design a controller with a Bandwidth of like 100 Hz. In that case you don't need to worry about aliasing and noise since the noise will be outside the bandwidth of the control loop.