As a novice in signal processing, I have been going through Signals & Systems by Oppenheim to try and understand how continuous time periodic signals are represented by Fourier series coefficients.
The book defines a pair of equations which represent the Fourier series of a periodic continuous time signal.
I cannot understand when one should use the synthesis equation (3.38) and when one should use the analysis equation (3.39) to determine the set of Fourier series coefficients.
Can someone give examples/explain as to when I should use one equation over another? Why is this so?