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It's given signal

$x[n]=\sin(\frac{2 \pi}{N} m n) u[n]$

where $u[n]$ is the unit step function. Can I calculate Z-Transform?

$\mathcal{Z}$ transform exists when $$ \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} x[n]z^{-n} < \infty $$

Now I'm confused I would say it doesn't exist because it has an infinite number of elements and its sum is infinite but then I check table for transform and transform from sigma function exist? It just jumps into infinity. Can someone tell me where I am making mistakes..

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If you just want to check whether the $\mathcal{Z}$-transform of a sequence exists, it is not necessary to actually compute its $\mathcal{Z}$-transform. Fat32's answer showed you how to do that for your example.

The $\mathcal{Z}$-transform of a sequence $x[n]$ exists if for a set of points in the complex plane

$$\left|\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}x[n]z^{-n}\right|<\infty\tag{1}$$

is satisfied. Note that in the formula in your question you forgot the magnitude, which is essential.

For your example it is straightforward to show that $(1)$ is satisfied for $|z|>1$:

$$\begin{align}\left|\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}x[n]z^{-n}\right|&=\left|\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\sin(\omega_0n)z^{-n}\right|\\&\le \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\big|\sin(\omega_0n)\big|\;|z|^{-n}\\&\le\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}|z|^{-n}=\frac{1}{1-|z|^{-1}},\qquad |z|>1\tag{2}\end{align}$$

where I've used $|\sin(\omega_0n)|\le 1$.

Eq. $(2)$ shows that the $\mathcal{Z}$-transform of the given sequence exists for $|z|>1$. The region $|z|>1$ in the complex plane is called region of convergence (ROC).

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You can use the basic properties of Z-transform to find the result:

Given, $$ x[n] = \sin(\frac{2 \pi}{N} m n) u[n] = \sin(\omega_m n) u[n] $$

Decompose the sine wave into complex exponentials:

$$ x[n] = \frac{1}{2 j} \left( e^{j \omega_m n} - e^{-j \omega_m n} \right) u[n] \tag{1}$$

And observe the following :

  • 1 : $$ U(z) = \mathcal{Z} \{ u[n] \} = \frac{1}{1-z^{-1}} ~~~~,~~~ |z| > 1 $$

  • 2 :

if $x[n] \longleftrightarrow X(z)$ then $$ e^{j \omega_m n} ~ x[n] \longleftrightarrow X( z ~e^{ -j \omega_m} ) ~~~,~~~\text{ ROC the same} $$

Then apply these two observations to Eq (1) :

$$ \begin{align} X(z) &= \mathcal{Z} \{ x[n] \} = \mathcal{Z} \{ \frac{1}{2 j} \left( e^{j \omega_m} - e^{-j \omega_m} \right) u[n] \} \\ &= \frac{1}{2 j} \left( \mathcal{Z} \{ e^{j \omega_m} u[n] \} - \mathcal{Z} \{ e^{-j \omega_m} u[n] \} \right) \\ &= \frac{1}{2 j} \left( U( z e^{-j \omega_m} ) - U( z e^{j \omega_m} ) \right) \\ &= \frac{1}{2 j} \left( \frac{1}{1-e^{j \omega_m} z^{-1}} - \frac{1}{1-e^{-j \omega_m} z^{-1}} \right) \\ \end{align} $$

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