# Damped sinusoidal form FFT of signal

I'm doing an assignment for the course Signal analysis where I have to analyse a signal. I've tried quite some things now but it's still bothering me that the FFT is looking weird, and not looks like the 'normal look' FFT's we learned in class.

FFT (absolute values of complex values):  FFT (no absolute values): The FFT seen in the image above is zoomed in on the frequency range 0-30Hz. The rest of the frequency range does not show a lot of (high) peaks, which probably are caused by noise.

The signal is created during a method of welding, using an oscilloscope with a sampling frequency of 1000Hz. I've filtered the signal to remove noise, and after that the signal is converted to the frequency spectrum using the fft function of MATLAB.

Signal before and after filtering: My general question is, can the shown FFT be valid or did I make a mistake? I estimated the ground frequency to be around 5.5Hz, can I say this when I take one period of the big sinusoidal wave? I also noticed there are about 64 little sinusoidal waves inside one (ground??) period, is this an high harmonic wave form?.

If my theory is right, what causes the fft to be a damped sinusoidal form?

The code I use is basically the following. I leave the part of the noise filtering out because I don't think it's necessary for this question. The dataset is an matrix of 40100 rows.

fs = 1000;
cleanSignaal = data(:,4);
fftSignal = fft(cleanSignaal)/lenght(cleanSignaal);
f = fs/(2*length(fftSignal)):fs/length(fftSignal):fs;
plot(f,abs(fftSignal));
xlim([0 fs(m)/2]);
title('Fast Fourier Transform')
xlabel('Frequentie (Hz)')
ylabel('Magnitude')

• please provide the code you used to generate this and the data. Also, how are you filtering the data and what is "welding"? – spet Oct 11 '18 at 20:15
• @Jost Please edit to include the images directly in the question, it will be easier for readability. – Basj Oct 11 '18 at 20:21
• The assignment was to analyze the current signals generated during short-circuit welding. I'm filtering the data using a Wiener filter (nl.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/7673-wiener-filter). I've added the code above. I've also added an image of the signal before and after filtering. – Jost Oct 11 '18 at 20:28
• It still looks a little strange. But the damped sinusoid (sinc function) is caused by using a rectangular window in the time domain which translates to a sin(x)/x function in the frequency domain. – spet Oct 11 '18 at 20:31
• Is there any wat to get the fft more like a plot like this? i.stack.imgur.com/jeIDT.jpg – Jost Oct 11 '18 at 22:22