# Create a third octave spectrum from a time signal

I have to create a third-octave spectrum from a time signal on Octave GNU.
I found some code on the net to help me but I don't have all the parts of the algorithm.

I have a .csv file which contains a simple sinus temporal signal. The specifications are:

• Duration: 0 to 180s
• Frequency: 32768

I calculate the octave bands from 10Hz to 10kHz :

    fMin=10;
fMax=10000;
octs=log2(fMax/fMin);
bmax=ceil(octs/bw);

%Octave bands.
fc=fMin*2.^((0:bmax)*bw);    %Center frequencies.
fl=fc*2^(-bw/2);             %Lower frequencies.
fu=fc*2^(+bw/2);             %Upper frequencies


After I can display all the third octave filters using Butterworth filters :

    bw = 1/3;
numBands = length(fc);

b = cell(numBands,1);
a = cell(numBands,1);

figure
for nn=1:length(fc)
[b{nn}, a{nn}] = butter(2,[fl(nn) fu(nn)]/(fs/2));
[h,f] = freqz(b{nn}, a{nn}, 1024, fs);

hold on;
plot(f, 20*log10(abs(h)));
end
set(gca, 'XScale', 'log')
ylim([-50 0])


Which gives to me : The last filters are great but the first ones have missing points.
I don't know how to fix that and, mainly, how can I use this to make my third octave spectrum.
Does someone knows how to do this ?

• Please do not cross-post between SO sites. – jojek May 17 '18 at 13:48

[h,f] = freqz(b{nn}, a{nn}, logspace(log10(fMin), log10(fMax), 1000), fs);

Explicitly specifying the logarithmically spaced bins. Or you can use a very large N (something like $2^{16}$). 