I am trying to calculate the power of a signal by using following two methods one is a power of a signal and another one is using the periodogram in Matlab as shown in the code.But why I am getting a different answer for the power?

x=[1 2 3 4 ];


for i=1:length(x)



P= sum((abs(D).^2)/length(x)); 

p=7.5, P=30

These are the formulas for both methods.

enter image description here


Discrete signals are by definition periodic and you need to calculate the power in both domains over one period with proper normalization.

In practice this means, you need to divide the spectrum by the FFT length. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parseval%27s_theorem

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