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How do I remove a shadow after MOG2 background subtraction using OpenCV Python? I used all morphological operations, gaussian and median blur, thresholding. it removes noises but deep shadow is resulting in foreground object. enter image description here

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fgbg = cv2.createBackgroundSubtractorMOG2(128,cv2.THRESH_BINARY,1)
masked_image = fgbg.apply(image)

in masked_image shadow will be grey color(pixel value= 127) just replace 127 to 0, to convert grey pixel to black.

masked_image[masked_image==127]=0
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OpenCV has many different Background subtraction models.

If you use: cv2.BackgroundSubtractorMOG it will produce foreground without any shadows.

If you use: cv2.BackgroundSubtractorMOG2 it will produce foreground with shadows included. However, they are grey color.

So if you look at the foreground mask - following rule applies:

pixel[i][j] == 0 --> background
pixel[i][j] == 256 --> foreground
else pixel[i][j] == anyother value --> shadow.

See this for reference.

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