This is exactly the expected result for a time delay: A delay in time is a linear phase in frequency; so you shifted the amount that would cause 180 degree phase shifts between your frequencies (Note that at your first frequency sample location you have a positive real and positive imaginary, which rotates to positive real and negative imaginary which is a -90° rotation, then follow the same process for your second frequency and you will see it is a +90° rotation; the phase change between the frequencies given is 180°). It is repeating at 180° due to the modulo property of phase, but you are really seeing the evidence of a linear increase in phase that is rotating past 180 degrees at each of your frequency samples where energy exists.
Consider a signal at given frequency going through a fixed length of cable; it will be delayed a certain amount in time, and given the frequency that time will relate to a certain phase shift between the signal at the input and output of that cable. Now consider a frequency that is doubled, the time delay is the same but there will be twice the phase shift between the signal at the input and output in this case. This is the result of the Fourier Transform of a delay, the magnitude is one but the phase in linearly increasing at a negative rate.
So in your case we are seeing the resulting rotation of 180 degrees for the same distance between your frequencies tones (evidence of a linearly increasing phase).
If you plotted each frequency as a complex vector on an I-Q (real vs imaginary) diagram, as you change the delay of your signal in time, you will see the vector rotate accordingly with no change in magnitude. The higher frequencies will rotate proportionally faster.
Here is another view in case that was not clear describing the same effect and very specific to your case. The top plot shows sine-waves in time for a first and third harmonic, and the delay at a fixed time offset such that the first harmonic has shifted -90° and the third harmonic as expected has shifted three times as much or -270°.
These last plots demonstrate your case exactly and shows the same thing on a complex plane which is consistent with your complex frequency outputs that have real and imaginary components. Note that I use the common notation I and Q for real and imaginary where "I" is "In Phase" and "Q" is "Quadrature Phase".
Here we see the same thing in that each frequency tone is a vector that rotates around the complex plane at a fixed rate; so the third harmonic is rotating three times as fast as the first harmonic (and the fifth is rotating five times as fast etc). After a given time delay, we see the diagram where the first harmonic has rotated 90° and the third has rotated 270°. To try to keep this clear, I first show the case where the first and third harmonic are in phase, starting at an angle of +45° (Such that I and Q are both positive as in your plots) and we see the exact condition where after a fixed delay the first harmonic has rotated -90° such that I is postive and Q is negative, while the third harmonic in that same time duration has I negative and Q positive. (-270° rotation.)
If we instead have a starting condition identical to your plots, where the first harmonic has both I and Q positive, but the third harmonic is 180° out of phase such that both I and Q are negative, we end up with the diagram below. We see the same thing where the first harmonic shifts -90° and the third shifts -270° after a given time delay. This is exactly the result from your plots: The first harmonic goes from I+, Q+ to I+, Q-, while the third harmonic goes from I-,Q- to I+,Q-.