I would have a theoretical question, about the detector part of the SIFT algorithm, which as it is explained by D. Lowe in his paper, used the DoG to detect keypoints in an input image.
Problem formulation: Let $x$ be my original image, and let $y$ be a scaled-by-two version of $x$.
In the SIFT algorithm: I don't understand how the SIFT detector can detect a same given keypoint from image $x$ in image $y$. I don't understand how the "scale space" DoG pyramid is used exactly to achieve this "scale invariance".
Please note that I have watched quite a few videos and read a few tutorials about it. I understand how the DoG pyramid is constructed, by successive blurring of the image. I also understand that keypoints are the maxima or minima from comparing to adjacent images in the DoG pyramid. (I understand that the difference of 2 blurred images with different variances gives an edge-like image.)
However, for me, in every tutorial, they sort of "skip" the fundamental part that would clearly explain why it makes it scale invariant.
In other words, I understand that different gaussian blurs (increasing variance) allow to highlight different types of details in images (blob detector). I'm ok with that, but I don't see any relation or reason intuitively why this has anything to do whith "scale" and why and how that is used to detect a same keypoint in image $x$ and $y$ with for example image $y$ zoomed in twice.
I have essentially the same (unanswered) question as him.