I am looking into detection of pressurized gas leaks by means of the broadband hissing sound (white noise) generated from pressurized leaking gas. The instrument will have a broadband microphone followed by a high pass filter to filter away all low frequency audible noise below 15-20 kHz, but when broadband noise from leaks occure, they will pass the filter and activate an alarm. The problem is that in noisy industrial environments, machines (compressors), and other equipment will also have some ultrasound components above 15-20 kHz, and it will do false activation. Is it possible to recomend optimal DSP algoritms to be used, after the raw 15-20 kHz filtering to do a efficient suppression of machine made background noise, without affecting the sensitivity for the leak noise? I cannot tolerate varible gain for the leak noise (white noise) because then it will affect the sensitivity to detect leaks in a predefined distance, so the system must automatically suppress unwanted industrial background noise, but not affect the sensitivity to the leak noise (white noise in frequency range 20 kHz to 50 kHz).?
I would say that the main difference between leak noise i want to detect (the broadband white noise) and the machine noise is that the leak noise is just plain white noise, while very often the machine noise will have some components of high frequency reprocicating noise pattern in it from highspeed running compressors which the white noise leak noise do not have, but the high frequency reprocicating background noise can vary in frequenct from machine to machine so I do noy want to use some kind of fixed notch filter, so I am locked to one machine, at one rotation speed. Actually the problem is that the machines main noise frequency will be belos the 15-20 kHz, but it is the harmonics that repeat itself up above 15-20 kHz, and it is those I need to have filtered away. Seen from a more practical point of view, my own ears will be able to hear the difference, so I woundered if that could be realized in a electronic filter too.