Posted also here, where it's been put on hold. I did modify it afterwards though.
I'm an academic researcher in the US working in an area called "statistical shape analysis", which is intimately connected with medical image computing. It deals with how to mathematically compare two images, or predict (regression problem) how the future images (say MRI image of Alzheimer's patients, or images of protein structures) will be.
Let's say I'm working on statistical modeling of hippocampus (a part of the brain) to infer about which stage the Alzheimer's disease is. So I obtain the segmented MRI images, perform statistics on it to predict future segmented images. But I can't tell how exactly the image itself will look like, but only how the segmentation will be like. I hand this prediction to a doctor. How will that be helpful to a doctor who's treating Alzheimer's? Of course, intuitively it's clear it's helpful, but I'm asking what exactly the doctor will do with these kind of computational data.
Also, could you mention some hospitals in Europe where they use informaticians/statisticians to collaborate with doctors for the above kind of work?