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I am somewhat confused on the terminology used in Computer Vision. Suppose I wanted to detect (localize) an object (say, a human) in an image. However, a box around the human is not sufficient, what I need is a pixelwise localization. More precisely, I need a mask telling me which pixels belong to the human and which ones don't. If I wanted to find papers dealing with this problem, what would be the term to search for?

  • Object detection: Yes, but most approaches actually work in terms of bounding boxes
  • Object localization: If I see it correctly, this is essentially used as a synonym for object detection
  • Image segmentation: Here we segment objects in terms of pixels but we do not necessarily only aim to segment out one specific object that is known.

Is there very famous work in this area I should not miss?

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    $\begingroup$ "what I need is a pixelwise localization" For what? $\endgroup$ – endolith Feb 19 '16 at 16:55
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    $\begingroup$ How is a box not "pixelwise"? A location is a single point. $\endgroup$ – Marcus Müller Feb 20 '16 at 15:58
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    $\begingroup$ Define very precisely what you actually need; that might be hard, maybe start with an actual example of an image as input, and an actual representation of the output you want. $\endgroup$ – Marcus Müller Feb 20 '16 at 16:01
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    $\begingroup$ You need to look for "Human Pose Estimation" and of course Segmentation (if all you need is the pixels belonging to the human). $\endgroup$ – Tolga Birdal Feb 20 '16 at 20:42
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    $\begingroup$ @user1809923: obviously, it is not obvious what you want. That's the whole point of this comment discussion... $\endgroup$ – Marcus Müller Feb 22 '16 at 11:07

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