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I cannot find any reliable or reasonable differences between the two even after searching for it! Please tell me the possible differences with reasons and reference links!

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closed as off-topic by Marcus Müller, A_A, jojek Nov 21 '16 at 16:05

  • This question does not appear to be about signal processing within the scope defined in the help center.
If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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    $\begingroup$ Check out this question and its answer. 'Bandpass' and 'passband' are used interchangeably. $\endgroup$ – Matt L. Nov 5 '15 at 8:59
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    $\begingroup$ I'm voting to close this question because it can be answered by understanding the words baseband and passband, e.g. by looking them up in wikipedia. $\endgroup$ – Marcus Müller Nov 21 '16 at 12:36
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Starting with a Bandpass signal - this is a signal that has a bandwidth $BW$ about a center frequency $f_c$, so the signal content goes from $f_c-1/2BW$ to $f_c+1/2BW$. For a real signal (i.e. not complex) the their is also the corresponding negative frequency component i.e. the signal also exists at $-f_c$.

Basebanding often refers to shifting this signal down to DC. This is done by mixing the signal (modulating) it with $\exp(-j2\pi f_c t)$ and low pass filtering to remove the component that was originally at $-f_c$ and gets moved to $-2f_c$ due to the shifting. The component that was at $f_c$ and gets moved to DC is kept by the low pass filter. This signal is now complex due to the loss of conjugate symmetry. This resulting signal is referred to as the Baseband signal.

Note that the mixing signal $\exp(-j2\pi f_c t) = \cos(j2\pi f_c t)-j\sin(j2\pi f_c t)$, which is often how you see it implemented in communication systems.

You can achieve the same result by using the Hilbert transform which essentially removes the negative frequency component and then shifts the signal down to baseband.

References: Haykin - Communication Systems (but almost any communications textbook), also Crochiere - Multirate Digital Signal Processing (somewhere in the first couple of chapters they explain this).

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