I just started to study information content of the source and there are some very fundamental topics I am not really clear on. These might be a long question or a series of questions. Please help me.
- Relationship between uncertainty and information: Information is related to uncertainty or surprise. What is the nature of this relationship? Is there any difference between uncertainty and information? Before the information reaches the destination, there is an uncertainty at the destination about which signal would appear. When the information reaches the destination, there is no uncertainty left, right? So, information is literally killing or eliminating the uncertainty. Is my concept about information correct?
Information content of an improbable or unlikely message: The relationship between the probability of a message and information content is $I=\log_2(1/P)$, right? So If the probability of occurrence of a symbol is one, then the destination is always sure that that definite symbol will occur. So there is no uncertainty about the message. In other way, when the message reaches the server, there is no surprise. So the information content of that symbol is zero. Mathematically it is zero too. That is, the source didn't really need to transmit that message as the destination knew what message was coming beforehand, correct?
But what would be the information content of a message with probability zero? I know mathematically it is infinity. But what would be the physical interpretation? And the probability of the message to occur is zero, meaning that symbol is never going to be generated. So the destination is never waiting for that symbol to occur. So in that case, isn't the information content of that message supposed to be zero?
That is going to be my first question. I might need to post a few questions later. Thanks in advance.