For this may be a X-Y question, I'm providing the full background story:

I'm trying to test for the correctness for a fixed point implementation of bilateral filter written in C.

My current approach is to compare it's output with a double-precision Matlab version.

This helps me capture issues like insufficient precision, pointer out of bound and uninitialized variables and other (stupid) bugs.

Now the C version matches Matlab version with sufficient precision and with no obvious bugs, but I'm not very confident that Matlab version is correct at all, for it is not fully tested or reviewed by anyone.

Having worked as a tester for a while, I have the feeling that be best way, if not the only way, to test for correctness of the implementation of a signal processing algorithm, is to check for it's properties.

For instance, this CDF 9/7 wavelet example uses "perfect reconstruction" property and "N vanishing moments" property as test cases, and it indeed established a fair amount of confidence that his implementation works.

The only property of bilateral filer is "edge preserving", which isn't a strong proof of correctness.

Does bilateral filter has other properties that can be used as proof of correctness of an implementation?

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ what'sa "bilateral filter"? $\endgroup$ Oct 9, 2015 at 0:09
  • $\begingroup$ Have you validated your implementation? Could you share? $\endgroup$
    – David
    Aug 19, 2018 at 16:36

1 Answer 1


I'm assuming implementation which is defined by two parameters - Color Range STD and Spatial STD.

Few Properties:

  1. If you set the Color Range STD to be high, the result should be very very similar to Gaussian Blur with the Spatial STD.
  2. If you set the Color Range STD to be very near zero, the output image should be with no change (No smoothing at all).
  3. Good image to test things on is Black White rectangles (Like Checkers).

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