# Lower peak to average power ratio by phase shifting

A particular, frequency-domain sequence of +1 and -1 as follows:

$X=[-1, -1, +1, +1, +1, +1, +1, +1, +1, -1, +1, -1, -1, +1, +1, -1, -1, -1, +1, +1, -1, -1, -1, -1, +1, -1, +1, -1, +1, -1, -1, +1]$

is being transformed to the time-domain and transmitted over a wireless channel. It was stated that if $X$ is phase shifted i.e. multiplied by the following sequence

$w= [1, j,-1,-j,1, j,-1,-j,1, j,-1,-j,1, j,-1,-j,1, j,-1,-j,1, j,-1,-j..]$

The resulting time-domain sequence would have a lower peak to average power ratio.

Can anyone tell me why?

• The sequence already has the smallest possible peak to average power ratio. Maybe you should clarify in which domains these sequences are in and in which domain the multiplication is to be done and in which domain the peak to average power ratio is to be calculated. Jun 16, 2015 at 15:04
• @OlliNiemitalo you are right, I shouldnt have missed those details. The sequences defined here are in the frequency domain and they are multiplied in the frequency domain. The peak to average ratio is to be calculated for their product in the time domain Jun 16, 2015 at 15:26

Not true. If you calculate the inverse FFT for each frequency sequence and the resulting peak to average power ratio in the time domain, you will find that they are the same, $\sqrt 2$ in either case.