Here is my task:

Find inverse z transform of $X(z)=\frac{1}{2-3z}$, if $|z|>\frac{2}{3}$

I need to find it using definition formula, $x(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi j}\oint_{C}^{ } X(z)z^{n-1}dz$. How can I find it? Result is $-\frac{1}{3}(\frac{2}{3})^{n-1}u(n-1)$


1 Answer 1


In order to be able to do this, you need to know Cauchy's residue theorem, from which you get

$$\frac{1}{2\pi j}\oint_Cf(z)dz=\sum_kR_k\tag{1}$$

where $R_k$ are the residues of the analytic function $f(z)$ at its poles $p_k$, which must lie inside the closed contour $C$. The residue at pole $p_k$ is given by $$R_k=\lim_{z\rightarrow p_k}(z-p_k)f(z)$$

In the case of the inverse $\mathcal{Z}$-transform, we have $f(z)=X(z)z^{n-1}$. Since in your example the region of convergence is given as $|z|>2/3$, we know that we need to find a causal sequence $x[n]$, so we only need to consider values $n\ge 0$. For $n>0$, there is only one single pole at $z=2/3$, and the corresponding residue is

$$R_0=\lim_{z\rightarrow 2/3}(z-2/3)X(z)z^{n-1}=-\frac{1}{3}\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)^{n-1}\tag{2}$$

For $n=0$ we get another pole at $z=0$ from the term $z^{n-1}$, and the corresponding residue is

$$R_1=\lim_{z\rightarrow 0}zX(z)z^{-1}=\lim_{z\rightarrow 0}X(z)=\frac12\tag{3}$$

According to (1), the value of $x[0]$ is given by the sum of the residues (2) and (3):


For $n>0$ we only need to consider the residue $R_0$, so the inverse $\mathcal{Z}$-transform is given by


Note that this is just meant as an exercise. In practice this example is a basic transformation, which you either know or look up in a table.


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