# Increasing the number of points in the frequency spectrum

I have an image with few pixels in length and height. For this image I calculated the two dimensional Fourier transformation. What I got for the frequency spectrum in one direction was a very frequency spectrum with very few points (no continuous first derivation). To increase the number of points of the frequency spectrum, I used a window function, in my case a Hanning-filter/rectangular filter with zeros outside of the picture so that the filtered picture has much more pixels in length (horizontal) and height (vertical). This resulted in a frequency spectrum with more points so that the frequnecy spectrum in e. g. the horizontal direction looked more continuous but there were in contrast to the unfiltered image higher peaks for low frequencies. What I want to do now is to find a possibility to reduce that. My approach was the convolution theorem (but I have no idea how to use it in two dimensions) which says, that $F(f) * F(g)$ = const $F(gf)$. I have $f$ (original image) and $g$ (multiplication by rectangular window: some $1$ in the centre, $0$ outside it) and in that way the fourier spectrum that I get is $F(gf)$. To get $F(f)$ I have to deconvolve $F(f)$ and $F(g)$. But the problems are at first:

1. Holds the convolution theorem for this?

2. Will the matrix $F(f)$ that I will finally get, the same that I got by Fourier transformation without the window function of the rectangular but with more points in the frequency spectrum? In other words, will it reduce effectively the influence of the filter in the frequency spectrum?

3. Is there an effective way to calculate the deconvolution with e.g. matlab?

If there are problems, is there an alternative way to increase the number of points in the frequency spectrum without changing it at all? If not, how can I fit the points in the frequency spectrum in the best way?

I would be very grateful for any helpful hints.

• What are you trying to do with the spectrum? Mar 20 '15 at 5:07
• Thank you for answers. I have muscle cells of C. elegans. I used GFP to mark a specific protein and this protein binds in different states on different positions of the cell. I also used mutants to suggest the meaning of domains. The problem is that one cell usually has only a limited number of periods and the resolution of the microscope is finite. That implies a discrete frequency spectrum. In fact, the frequency spectrum isn't discrete of course. To publish this I wanted to increase the resolution of the frequency spectrum with a fit or the technique of window functions that I have read. Mar 20 '15 at 9:40