# Difference between $\tt freqz()$ and $\tt plot(abs(fft()))$ in MATLAB

I've plotted the response of a high-pass filter x=[1 -1];

freqz(x) gave me where as the magnitude plot for the fft gave me Why are the two plots different? Both are frequency responses, then why are my plots are diffferent. What does freqz() do?

• Why not to start marking your questions answered to encourage people answering them? – jojek Feb 21 '15 at 10:58

You calculating FFT only from two samples. You need to pad your impulse response with zeros to get a valid result. So in MATLAB that would be:

N = 1024; % Number of points to evaluate at
% Create the vector of angular frequencies at one more point.
% Filter itself
b=[1,-1];
[h_f, w_f] = freqz(b, 1);
figure
grid on
hold on
plot(w_f, abs(h_f), 'or') % MATLAB
h = [b, zeros(1,N-2)];
HH = abs(fft(h));
HH = HH(1:length(w_f));
plot(w_f, HH); % Manual calculation
legend({'MATLAB freqz', 'Manual'})


As you can see it matches first and last value from fft you calculated. Please keep in mind that it is shown in linear - not dB scale. 