I'm trying to do frequency analysis on signal of a rotating shaft. The signal is generated in two measurement planes i,e X-position and Y-Position. I was able to use fft and transform into frequency domain for individual planes. The plot I get for each place is only Half spectra. What I'm looking for is a full spectra which could combine both the planes. I did some research and found the following description online.
Full spectrum: The full spectrum is an additional diagnostic tool and is also called the spectrum of an orbit. It shows the same information as an orbit but in a different format. It helps to determine the degree of ellipticity (or flattening) associated with the various machinery conditions along with the precessional direction for all the frequency components present. To obtain the full spectrum, the orthogonal X and Y transducer signals are fed into the direct and quadrature parts of the FFT input. The positive and negative vibration components for each frequency are obtained. Positive is defined to be the forward precession and the negative component as the reverse precession. These components yield the following ellipticity and precessional information for a given orbit of any particular frequency (1× or 2× or …):
• The sum of two components, forward and reverse, is the length of the orbit major axis. • The difference between the two components is the length of the orbit minor axis. • The larger of the two components, positive or negative, determines the direction of precession that is forward or reverse.
One of the possible applications of full spectrum is analysis of the rotor runout caused by mechanical, electrical or magnetic irregularities. Depending on the periodicity of such irregularities observed by the X–Y proximity probes, different combinations of forward and reverse components are observed. The method forms the basis for many useful machinery diagnostics.
The full spectrum (just like the normal FFT) can be obtained in a steady-state analysis (a single FFT or waterfall) and even in transient analysis, which would then be called the full spectrum cascade (Figure attached).
Could anyone help how the 2 half spectra is converted into full spectra plot. Does anyone have any idea about this? Any hints or suggestions please!!