1
$\begingroup$

I've got two signals which are consecutive received signals by a radar system. The signals' values are complex (in form $x+\textrm iy$). I have generated a trasmitted signal using the info available.

Now, I have to calculate the range and motion(if any) of the objects using comparision of these signals in MATLAB. Comparing the real part using xcorr in MATLAB, I got the range of the objects. I am strugling with motion of the objects. How can I find if the objects found (4 in my case) were moving or not. I think it has to do something with the phase comparision of the signals.

Any help is appreciated.

$\endgroup$
1
$\begingroup$

You will need more than 2 received pulses to get the Doppler between your sources. What is your ADC sampling rate and PRF?

$\endgroup$
0
$\begingroup$

In a radar system, a transmitter sends out a signal, often pulsed in nature. At the same time, a receiver (usually colocated with the transmitter) looks for echoes of that transmitted signal that occur due to reflections off of the radar's targets. These reflections will vary in time delay, amplitude, and frequency from those that were transmitted.

It's hard to get any information from the received amplitude because so many factors can affect it, but the others are important:

  • Time delay (the measured time between the transmitted signal and the reception of its echo) corresponds to how far away the target is. If you know the time delay and the signal's speed of propagation, you can calculate the distance to the target that caused the reflection. In radar parlance, this quantity is often called range.

  • Frequency offset (the difference in apparent carrier frequency between the transmitted signal and its echo) corresponds to the radial velocity between the target and the radar, due to the Doppler effect. Based on the observed change in frequency, one can calculate how fast the target is moving as a fraction of the signal's speed of propagatation. Note that only the velocity component in the vector direction between the radar and target can be measured in this way. Radar systems usually refer to this quantities as range rate.

$\endgroup$
  • $\begingroup$ I have got the range of the objects calculating the time delay but struggling with velocity of the objects. i have 2 echo signals only. will these be sufficient to calculate the Doppler frequency? $\endgroup$ – Jayesh Parmar Nov 6 '14 at 21:22

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.