# Understanding Digital Audio - "From Audio Device" in Matlab

I understand that digital audio has both a sample rate (time "discretization") and a bit depth ("amplitude" discretization). Also, it can have multiple channels (stereo would be 2 channels).

But things that I can't find readily in the internet:

1. What is the range that is discretized in the bit depth? My experience is in motions, so I know if I have an accelerometer with a range of +-10 g's, and I discretize it in 8bit, well I would have a resolution of 20g/256. What would be the equivalence in audio?
2. Matlab's Simulink has a block for reading audio. It's output has the dimensions of MxN(xTime), where M is the number of "consecutive samples" and N the number of channels. What is "consecutive samples" (also called in the same help file as "Frame Size (samples)"). If I set this value to one, I would get what I would expect from a Mono sound, just a time history of amplitudes. But if I set it to two, it's almost as if they are both the same with minor differences in fast transitions. Is this meant for to get a average of the signals to be somewhat more "true to sound"?

If you want to think of it in audio terms, probably the most useful way to think of it is that your microphone/amp/something saturates at a certain dB level. Let's call that "X" dB. That is where your signal maxes out. If you have 16-bit sampling then you can span a decibel range of $20log_{10}(2^{16})$ = 96 dB. That means that, in an ideal world, you could cover audio signals from "X" dB to "X" - 96 dB. Since the world is not ideal you would probably not get that entire range, but you would probably get pretty close.