# What is the meaning of a Nyquist diagram in a vibration signal

I need to analyze some vibration data from accelerometers (g-Hz) but I don't quite understand the meaning of each component that the registered signal contains. Basically it is Magnitude and Phase. I'm able to get the Real/Imaginary parts from those two as well.

Today I plotted Real vs Imaginary parts (Nyquist plot/diagram, correct me if I'm wrong). These are the results:    The Nyquist shows like a circular pattern, sometimes there are spirals, sometimes just random points. What could this mean?

The second picture displays the Magnitude of this particular accelerometer.

In the third the raw Real/Imaginary parts are included. The Magnitude is the RSS of Re/Im parts. I've realized that I need to compare (divide by) this channel to the reference (the input or control channel).

The last one shows the chaotic Phase, it gets better if I do the same as at Re/Im parts: compare to the reference, in this case I subtract in order to get the gap between the input and my channel (output). The pink and green dashed lines are the Re/Im parts divided by the Re/Im parts of the reference (the input). The blue is the same but with Magnitude The blue line is the subtraction.

It would be great if someone could help me to have some better understanding and interpretation of this kind of data.

By the way, is Argand diagram the same in essence as Nyquist?

EDIT: The vibration signal comes from a UFF (Universal File Format) dataset 58, the test consists in measuring the response of 50-100 accelerometers attached all around the structure to a sinusoidal motion (varying in frequency). There is an accelerometer situated in the base, so it is measuring the real input to the system (in g-Hz).

The hardware of the test transforms internally the response from g-s (time) to g-Hz with some kind of Fourier Transform algorithm I believe.

As the vibration may not be in phase with the input motion the gap between them is also measured. For example: a gap of 180 degrees between an accelerometer and the base means that if the shaker is going up in a particular instant, this accelerometer is going down.

• Interesting question! I'm a little confused by what you mean by vibration signals, and what you're plotting. Generally, the vibration signal is a real-valued quantity, $v(t)$. How do you get your complex-valued plot? Is it just the Fourier transform of $v(t)$ ? – Peter K. Aug 14 '13 at 18:47
• Sorry maybe I didn't explain that enough, I'll edit the question. – Sturm Aug 14 '13 at 18:54
• Can you make a simple, concise, list of your questions? A simple list, saying what exactly you dont understand. Right now this is too much information. – Tarin Ziyaee Aug 14 '13 at 19:12