Signal-to-noise ratio (often abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise.

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Compare Overlapping FFTs to a longer FFT

How would you compare the SNR gain from a longer FFT (more samples) to overlapping FFTs? Given the choice, which one would you pick and why? Update: Suppose you have 2048 samples of a signal. ...
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choose correct variant of signal/noise ratio calculation

let us consider following sinusoidal model ...
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49 views

Fixed SNR with unitary noise variance

I've just one question : How can I write a model like y = x + w,( with w a white gaussian noise) with a fixed SNR and a noise variance equal to 1. What coefficient may I have before x ? Thanks !
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70 views

How to calculate Signal-To-Noise Ratio

I am doing some analysis in python working with a photodiode. The signal is more or less periodic with some phase shifting in certain areas that give rise to faster or slower periods but overall still ...
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46 views

Generation of noise floor file for estimating signal-to-noise ratio of a wave file

I am trying to estimate the signal-to-noise ratio of a wave file (The wave file is a recording of a conversation in a room). I found examples where the Matlab scripts compare the wave file data to a ...
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61 views

Effect of noise and entropy

Relation of Entropy and SNR : Based on this question and answer, I had another question that struck me and I am curious to know, if somebody can shed some light, on the following situation: $y= ...
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Exercise related to frequency resolution and SNR

I'm studying a book aboud dsp and trying to make excercises. Here is one I'm interested in: A scientist acquires 65,536 samples from an experiment at a sampling rate of 1 MHz. He knows that the ...
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45 views

SINR averaging in communication system

Under the simulation of a communication system suffering from noise (AWGN) and co-channel interference, what is the appropriate way of calculating SINR? Could one calculate it at a packet level as: ...
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What is OSNR in Fiber Optics?

I have seen that the SNR is measured for optical fibers "OSNR". What is the difference? Is there any equivalent?
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Performance of adaptive signal processiong algorithm in noise not working

I am taking a course on signal processing and have been looking at various algorithms performance in presence of additive noise of different SNR. I was implementing Least Mean Square (LMS) algorithm ...
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225 views

Adding white noise to complex signal (complex envelope)

Good day everyone. So, i run in to trouble - how to add white noise to signal samples? For now i'm working with MSK signal - quadrature modulator and quadrature demodulator + viterbi processor. My ...
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Can I compute signal-to-noise ratio on a vector-valued or multi-channel signal?

I have a dataset that contains multiple channels recorded over time (think EEG or EMG), and I'm working on a computational model for this data. When I have a working version of the model, I'd like to ...
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Signal-to-Quantization Noise ratio

What is the formula of the signal-to-Quantization Noise ratio for a quantizer as shown in the figure below (input being the top and output being the bottom figure) Do different quantizer types have ...
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Measure the SNR of a signal in the frequency domain?

How do you measure the SNR of a sinewave in the frequency domain? (Assuming no filtering.) Suppose: $$x(n) = s(n) + n(n)$$ Create the signal (nCycles of a sinewave) in MATLAB...: ...
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High SNR value unacceptable

I am stuck in a situation here while calculating received SNR in AWGN channel. When I performed calculations directly in decibels, I got very high SNR value for instance 140 dB. I am using the ...
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681 views

How to separate a low amplitude signal of same frequency but different phase

I have a signal consisting of two sine waves of same frequency but have different phase (and also a lot of hf noise). Their amplitudes differ by about 120dB. How to I go about separating them? SNR is ...
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234 views

Relationship between entropy and SNR

In general any form of enropy is defined as uncertainty or randomness. In a noisy environment, with increase in noise, I believe that entropy increases since we are more uncertain about the ...
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SNR calculation with Noise Spectral Density

I am having difficulty in calculating the SNR for the following scenario: In a cellular network Transmit power=36dBm Noise spectral density=-174dBm/Hz (AWGN) Bandwidth=10MHz I have some other ...
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Estimating SNR of an Environment where obtaining clean speech is not possible

is that possible to find SNR of an environment ? ie., i have a outdoor environment where i cannot find the clean speech ,if so i want to measure the signal power to noise power how to do that can i ...
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In Search of Voice Activity Detection Algorithms - What happens to the frequency or pitch or speech features as speaker moves away from microphone

Actually i am in search of a Voice Activity Detection Algorithm which could distinguish between voice and non-voice Roughly speaking it must not detect even a bullet sound,even a foot stepping and ...
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SINR calculation

I would like to calculate the total SINR of a IQ modulation system in time domain. $$ SINR = \frac{P}{N+I}$$ The blocks of the system are. Bit generation QAM modulation pulse shaper (sq root ...
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Estimating noise level without 'quiet' segment

I have a signal which consists of an onset and a release period. The onset, sounding like a thud, excites frequencies across the entire frequency range (0-22 kHz). It lasts for about 0.1 s. The ...
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269 views

simulation with SINR

I have a DS-CDMA system and the chip width is fixed but every user have a different spreading code length. I want to have a simulation of signal to interference noise ratio (SINR) VS. bit error rate ...
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Relationship between SNR and link speed

I've been trying to model some radio signal properties of wireless networks wrt its usefulness. For example, most WiFi network adapters would decrease their transmission rate if the overall quality of ...
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Power spectral density and SNR for AWGN

I have a GMSK modulator in MATLAB and wish to generate AWGN with a specific SNR, and I'm having some issues figuring out just how. I have found this step-by-step process to generate zero-mean ...
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SNR calculation confusion

Follow up to question and comments posted here The SNR calculation method posted as answers were implemented in matlab Implementation of Deve's answer: ...
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how do I calculate SNR of noisy signal?

I am having problems in understanding how to do it practically I have a wav file that contains pure speech and another ave file that just contains the background noise (can be various things, such as ...
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I have a noisy ECG Signal. want to use PSD to analyse the Signal to noise ratio

I have a really noisy ECG Signal which contain, motion artifacts,muscle noise, a very high amplitude noise. I am beginner to DSP. Can someone tell me in a simple language,how do i interpret the ...
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What is meant by 20 dB signal-to-noise ratio?

I'm reading a paper in which a discrete signal $$x(n) = s(n) + w(n)$$ is considered. $s(n)$ is a known, deterministic series, and $w(n)$ is white noise with zero mean. The authors write that ...
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Questions on the generation of R.O.C. curves

In my foray into detections, I am trying to understand how best to generate receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and some questions have come up. In my studies, I have found out that ROC ...
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How to define SNR for multiple signals in noise?

I have to estimate the number of signals present in a measurement contaminated by additive noise given $n$-dimensional snapshot vectors $\bf x$, modeled as $ \bf x = \bf A \bf s + \bf z $ where $\bf ...
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685 views

How to find quantization noise in my simulation?

For college we have to make simple exercise in simulink (matlab). (since my professor is not familiar with simulink, he can't help). The question itself is, how can I simulate the SNR when uniform ...
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How can you tell whether there's a signal (when your signal looks a lot like noise)?

This is my snoring detector again. I've gotten pretty good at detecting a signal when there's anything there -- can track from a wall-peeling snore down to breathing you can't even hear in the ...
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722 views

How to estimate the signal-to-noise ratio of a waveform?

I have a signal: $f_i(t_i=i\Delta t)$, where $i = 0\ldots n-1$. The signal seems to vary quickly around a slower varying "trend". I am assuming that the quickly varying part is noise and the slowly ...
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What are the various definitions for SNR, and their associated methods for measuring it?

The definition of SNR seems to be somewhat of a tower of babel in industry. What definitions of SNR are there (feel free to site application), and how exactly can it be measured for that applications? ...