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9 views

Books and references virtual microphone

What are some applications of virtual microphones (as in here http://sail.usc.edu/aigaion2/index.php/attachments/single/119.)? Are there good references (books or comprehensive tutorial papers) for ...
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1answer
13 views

Alignment of signals for ensemble averaging? Something else?

I have been applying ensemble averaging (adding signals of different trials to obtain one signal) to improve Signal to noise ratio in my data. I have achieved good results in terms of classification ...
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0answers
16 views

Doppler frequency to radial velocity in a given bandwidth

given the Bandwidth of the signal (say 20MHz) and Doppler frequency ranging from -100KHz to 100KHz for the Auto Correlation 2D plot. Can somebody kindly explain me what is the radial velocity with a ...
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1answer
40 views

PSD of a sum of two stationary real signals

I have 4 signals ($w_1(t),w_2(t),u_1(t),u_2(t)$ of which I know the power spectral densities (PSDs) $S_{w_1,w_1}(\omega),S_{w_2,w_2}(\omega),S_{u_1,u_1}(\omega),S_{u_2,u_2}(\omega)$ and the cross PSD $...
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1answer
29 views

Fourier transform of moving image sensor

Consider an image sensor that is moving with some velocity $\mathbf{v}(t) \in \mathbb{R^3}$, and an orientation $\mathbf{R}(t) \in SO(3)$. Treat those vectors as fixed. At a specific time $t$ the ...
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1answer
25 views

Independent component analysis for one observation of a Signal

So I am a complete novice to ICA, so excuse my question if it is bad one, but I have the signal: $$\sin(2\pi x) + \sin(4\pi x) + \textrm{Additive White Gaussian Noise}$$ I want to try to separate ...
0
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1answer
17 views

frequency characterritic of activ high pass filter [on hold]

How can i see the characteristic(frequency response) of an active high pass filter?I attached the circuit and the value of resitence .Can i see it on the computer without an osciloscope ?How can i ...
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1answer
29 views

How to construct a preemptive digital filter to neutralize an unwanted filter

I'm trying to think of how to construct a filter based on the following scenario. I have some time trace with a certain known power spectral density (I can verify this with a periodogram of the time ...
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0answers
26 views

Flattening out a power spectral density

The situation is as follows. I am generating a white noise voltage signal with a certain power spectral density amplitude of choice, from 0 to some cutoff frequency, for example 200 MHz. This proceeds ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Decomposition of $H(z)$ as maximum-phase, minimum-phase

The frequency response is: $$H(z) = 2-7z^{-1}+7z^{-2}-2z^{-3}$$ I see that it has $3$ zeros: $z_{01} = \frac 12$, $z_{02} = 2$, and $z_{03} = 1$; and $3$ poles in: $$z_x = 0$$ Now, I have to write ...
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1answer
38 views

Maximum phase with the same magnitude response

I'm trying to solve an exercise in a general way and I can't find if my answer is correct. Given this frequency response: $$H(z) = 4 + 2\sqrt2 z^{-1} + z^{-2}$$ I need to find a frequency response ...
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2answers
48 views

Calculation of actual analog input from bipolar ADC's output

I have a $14$-$\textrm{bit}$ ADC which can take $-10\textrm{ V}$ to $10\textrm{ V}$ as input. So, $0$ to $16383$ (digital) represents the voltage from $-10$ to $10$. If I want to get the actual ...
0
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1answer
37 views

How is the energy of $x_1\cdot x_2$ related to the energies of $x_1$ and $x_2$?

Let's say first signal x1 = [1 2 3 4], second signal x2 = [0.08 0.77 0.77 0.08] (Hamming window), third signal ...
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0answers
36 views

Confusion in Nyquist criterion

Does the Nyquist criterion limit only the maximum permissible frequency, according to $B$ should be less than $f_s/2$ where $B$ is the highest frequency of the signal? Or does it have any ...
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2answers
33 views

detect and distinguish driving maneuvers via smartphone sensors

I want to do some driving style analysis via smartphone. Therefore, I programmed an app that records a 2D acceleration (when accelerating/braking and turning left/right). The app calibrates itself in ...
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1answer
70 views

Sampling signal after root raised cosine

I am generating series of 1 and 0. then pulse shaped them with root raised cosine and after than deciding to do match filtering and recovering the bits however it turns out that I am not getting the ...
3
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1answer
110 views

Signals cross-correlation

I am trying to measure phase difference between two received waves which are recorded by two separate PC's (microphones). The two PC's starts recording at the same time, then I make a sine wave sound ...
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0answers
19 views

Quantifying patterns in the time-domain of a signal

I have a rather general question. Supposing I have 2 audio signals as seen in images 1 & 2 below, and when analyzing the power spectrum density of both signals, they are equal (i.e. the rms power ...
2
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3answers
176 views

Can use of Fourier transform be minimized completely with the help of Laplace and Z transform?

Fourier transform has different types like continuous Fourier transform (CFT), Discrete time Fourier transform (DTFT) and Discrete Fourier transform ( DFT). CFT can be used in case of continuous ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Standard deviation of filtered noise

In an other post i've found that the variance of filtered noise can be found by $$\min_{\theta\in [\theta_1,\theta_2]}\left|H(e^{j\theta})\right|^2\sigma_x^2\le \sigma_y^2\le\max_{\theta\in [\theta_1,...
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0answers
29 views

Baseline Correction: What is the concept of a baseline shift and baseline correction?

I have a laser induced fluorescence signal data-set. Currently the processing pipeline performs baseline correction by manually moving the signal so that the initial point is at the origin. Is this a ...
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1answer
46 views

The little problem with Kalman filter

I am trying to simulate the Kalman Filter. I have the covariance matrix P_{0|0}. Tell me please, how can I get the predicted (a priori) estimate covariance matrix ...
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0answers
33 views

How to separate two signals which have same frequency and phase but generated from different positions?

How to separate two signals which have same frequency and phase but generated from different positions? For example, the EEG signals, we assume there are only two positions, position A and position B ...
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0answers
16 views

generate 1D periodogram from noise spectrum

I have computed the noise power spectrum $S$ from an input image. Basically, I get spatial frequencies i.e. F (lower range = 0 , high range = some high value) and the corresponding noise values for ...
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3answers
94 views

What are the advantages of LTI ( Linear Time Invariant ) systems over other systems? [duplicate]

In our engineering academics, there is one subject named "signals and systems". In this subject only LTI system is discussed. I want to know what are the advantages of LTI systems over other ...
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2answers
34 views

Why do we do oversampling in raised cosine?

I would like to do know why do we need to do oversampling in a raise cosine filter. There is already a question like this but the answer is very confusing and not sufficient. I need to know what ...
0
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2answers
39 views

Time domain and frequency domain analysis equivalence

Let us imagine an LTI system with physically realizable input (ruling out fancy mathematical functions and the concomitant complexities and paradoxes) completely known from -$\infty$ to $\infty$. We ...
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2answers
156 views

Phase invariant detection of low frequency spikes

I am a physics graduate student studying a new physical device via simulations. Thanks to SE DSP, reading Lyon's Understanding DSP as suggested (not all the way through it yet though), and a bunch of ...
4
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1answer
53 views

Measuring the open loop transfer function in closed loop: what's the better approach?

Considering the closed loop system; $C$,$G$, and $H$ all linear and stable transfer functions, If I chose to excite $\bf r$ and measure $\bf e$, I get the Sensitivity Function, $S$ $$S=\frac{1}{1+...
0
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1answer
43 views

Spectral plot shows more notes than there really should be

I was experimenting with sound analysis lately and from what I see when I plot spectral data of an audio file is that apart from notes that were actually picked there are some other notes with quite ...
1
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1answer
46 views

Difference between $\tt rand()$ and $\tt randn()$ in MATLAB [closed]

rand() is for "Uniformly distributed pseudorandom numbers" I generate two rand arrays, and then use the cross-correlation (<...
3
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2answers
24 views

How to properly time-shift a function in relation to another function

I'm stuck on a time-variance question in my homework and I think it has something to do with my understanding of how time shifting functions works. The problem asks to determine whether the system ...
3
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2answers
75 views

Does “keying on” a sine wave at a zero-crossing reduce its bandwidth?

I understand that a pure sine wave of infinite duration occupies no bandwidth, i.e. it is only the modulation of a carrier that gives it sidebands. Does the exact timing of a sudden modulation make ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Upsampling and zero order hold

Maybe to someone this question may seem quite easy but I have a problem grasping it. Namely, assume that we have two systems A and B with sampling rates $f_A$ and $f_B$ where $f_A>f_B$ and $R=\frac{...
3
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2answers
48 views

Goodness of fit for complex valued curves (i.e. frequency responses in frequency domain)

My apologies for perhaps the stupidity of this question. Presume that one has the 'frequency response' $Y_{data}(k)$ of a system and also has an estimated model $Y_{syn}(k)$ that fits the data. How ...
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1answer
39 views

Wavelet transform in MATLAB

Suppose I have a wave with $20 \textrm{ kHz}$, $100 \textrm{ kHz}$ and $300 \textrm{ kHz}$. Sampling frequency used is $1000 \textrm{ kHz}$. I apply the discrete wavelet transform on the wave like <...
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0answers
26 views

How do we find the Power Spectrum Density (PSD) and which data type is valid for that?

I want a simple explanation on how to find PSD and which type of data (in which units, I mean) can be used for doing so. If found similar interesting questions 1 & 2 and some on Mathworks, like ...
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0answers
16 views

FFT of an acceleration response signal?

I am working to solve an equation of motion in simulink. I run the simulation for 10 seconds and got a plot for disturbance torque. The plot shows me 10s on x-axis with some magnitude of signal on y-...
2
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1answer
53 views

Implementing Welch's method for Power Spectral Density

I want to implement Welch's method for PSD calculation in MATLAB. I do not want to use built in MATLAB cpsd function, such that I can change the FFT implementation ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Methods for calculating signal quality metric

i'm sure this is a fairly large topic area, but I'm not quite sure where to start. I have a signal in which I can change several parameters, such as the frequency, gain, etc. The modulation is a ...
3
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2answers
58 views

Useful natural “Hilbert-like” $n$-uples and $n$-fold "analytic signals

If $\mathcal{H}$ denotes the Hilbert transform, the analytic signal of a signal $x(t)$ is $$x_a(t) = x(t) +\imath \mathcal{H}(x(t))\,.$$ The real and imaginary parts form Hilbert pairs. Are there ...
0
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0answers
27 views

How do I correctly receive a signal using a signal analyzer?

For the past few weeks, I have been trying to send a Zaddof Chu signal using a vector signal generator, and receive it using a signal analyzer. Both devices are made by R&S. However, the signal ...
3
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2answers
64 views

How to detect decaying oscillations in a signal

I have a sampled signal which contains (among other things) some damped oscillations. From the underlying theory I have reasons to believe that it can be characterized by some specific frequencies of ...
1
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1answer
87 views

Determining the fundamental frequency/pitch of a note

What I am trying to achieve is getting the fundamental frequency of a note played by an instrument. What I have already done is performing an FFT on a samples of audio file, and here's what I get: ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Cyclic prefix vs. guard interval. Why use one over the other?

I'm currently studying some OFDM techniques, and have found that in order to avoid Inter-Symbol Interference (ISI), there needs to be some space in between symbols. Lets assume this length to be $\mu$....
2
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1answer
49 views

Definition of energy of a signal

I was wondering why the energy of a signal is defined as $$E=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}|x(t)|^2dt$$ I mean, I know that it is a definition, but is there a physical reason for it being defined like that?...
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0answers
24 views

GPS signal acquisition

I have a set of GPS satellite signal data, the set is 1 ms long and has the information of two satellites (satellite number, code phase and frequency) buried in noise. This data has a carrier ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Division of complex signal by frequency response

I have a measured signal (time domain) which i take the fft of. I have a measured frequency dependent sensitivity (magnitude and phase (radians) as a function of frequency) which I need to apply to ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Confusion with regards to units in Sinc pulse

I am currently reading a section in the Handbook for MRI Pulse Sequence book where it says that the time-bandwidth product for a SINC pulse is given by: $$ T \Delta f = Z $$ where $T$ is the length ...