Infinite impulse response (IIR) is a property of signal processing systems.

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How to design a filter with custom group delay — why is it an IIR?

Say I have an FIR filter with desired magnitude characteristics. I could imagine using an allpass IIR in series with the FIR to alter the group delay characteristic to provide both a 'magnitude ...
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51 views

Help on implementing an IIR filter

I am new to signal processing and and having difficulty understanding how to implement an IIR filter. The reference is athttp://www.dxatlas.com/rocky/Advanced.asp in the Band scope section. It ...
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Polyphase decomposition of IIR filter

Is there a way to decompose IIR filter into set of poly phase components, that are All pass. E.g. a an IIR filter of order M, can be decomposed into a cascade of All zero filter of order 2*M( which ...
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Is there a widely available implementation of an adaptive, recursive, numerically stable IIR filter?

I need to identify the coefficients of a linear, causal, time-invariant physical system that can be described by a classical state-space formulation. For the sake of the example, suppose that the ...
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65 views

Applying filter in scipy.signal: Use lfilter or filtfilt?

I saw in a SO thread a suggestion to use filtfilt which performs backwards/forwards filtering instead of lfilter. What is the ...
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40 views

Biquad Filter Transfer Function Frequency Response

$H(z) = G\cdot\displaystyle\frac{2b_0\left(1-z^{-2}\right)}{1-2a_1z^{-1}-2a_2z^{-2}} + 1$ I have a data sheet with the above transfer function, I need to calculate its frequency response in code. I ...
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53 views

FIR vs IIR complexity

IIR filters have feedback whereas FIR filters don't use feedback. Then why is it said that FIR filters sometimes have the disadvantage that they require more memory and/or calculation to achieve a ...
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Magnitude and Phasor Response of Direct Form 1

i want to draw the magnitude and phasor response of the given equation H(Z) = (0.0605 +0.121z^-1 + 0.0605z-2)/(1-1.194z-1 + 0.436z-2) i need Matlab code and also explain that how will i draw in my ...
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47 views

Identify the system from input and output

I am using Excel. If I have an input and an output, and I know that a recursive band-pass filter produced the output, how can I can find the coefficients of that filter?
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26 views

Relationship between Difference equation and Impulse response

I'm having some difficulties understanding the relationship between the impulse response and the difference equation for IIR filters
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Realization of IIR resonator

The measure of a given frequency $\omega$ in a signal $x(t)$ is: $\frac{1}{N}\sum\limits^N_{t=0}x\left(t\right)e^{^{-i \omega t}}$ This is basically an average of the correlation between the signal ...
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58 views

Transient cancellation in non causal filtering

I am using the exponential moving average filter (IIR): $$y(n)=\alpha{}\cdot{}x(n)+(1-\alpha{})y(n-1)$$ in a foward-backward filtering scheme, in order to eliminate completely any phase response ...
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60 views

Difference Equation & Impulse Response of IIR filter - deconvolution

What i want to do is to design an IIR-filter that cancels the "echo", such that im only left with the delta[n]. To do so i ofcourse make an IIR-filter, where u take the z-trans of the impulse ...
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FIR / IIR and Wavelets

I am a self-learner of DSP by reading various books. I have accomplished basic understanding of Signals - CT and DT and a few transforms. I recently started to learn FIR / IIR Filters. The part that ...
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93 views

Filtering out unwanted square wave (Radio: DCS/DPL signal)

I've need to remove a DPL/DCS signal from a recording. Roughly speaking, a DCS signal is a low frequency (67.15Hz) square wave sent at the same time, over the same carrier, as speech. Because it is a ...
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Deriving finite impulse response for polylogarithm

As a part of my research i have to use the following z-transform in matlab 'filter' function so as to derive the convoluted signal from the original one. $$\frac{1}{{\rm Li}_{k}(z^{-1}e^{-b})}$$ ...
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55 views

How to find the frequency response of a communication channel from input and output symbols' functions in MATLAB?

I want to find the channel frequency response of a digital communications system. I have the functions of the input symbol (a triangle) and the output symbol - a distorted triangle: $$\dfrac{1}{1 + ...
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61 views

Understanding IIR , Low Pass, High Pass, Chebyshev, Elliptic Filter? [closed]

I see these terms everyday in every lecture, I do read stuff from wikipedia, follow lecture notes, study solved exercises. All in all I do have a rough idea about these, I know a little from ...
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IIR Design with Neural Networks

i'm trying to apply this paper: using C++ Design of Digital Recursive Filter Using Artificial Neural Network In this paper the weights are the coefficients and they start with weight a(0) = 1 and ...
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87 views

linear-phase lowpass filters: frequency responses alignment

These two filters have very similar frequency responses, but those responses are not identical except at a single frequency ωo. I want to find ωo. One way I've seen that done is like this: ...
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Matlab - Creating a characteristic for Peak and Shelving filter

I have designed few shelving and peak filter. And I have calculated the a, b coeficients for several gains for these filters. Now I would like to create some kind of characteristic in Matlab so I ...
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264 views

IIR oscillator produces stable output in MATLAB, unstable on chip, how do I tune it?

I'm trying to make an oscillator using IIR filter and I'm having problems tuning it so that it's stable on the platform I'm using (ARM Cortex M4F and CMSIS DSPLib's arm_biquad_cascade_df1_f32). Note ...
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L2-optimal IIR Filters

It is widely known that matching a FIR filter of fixed length to a band model is an unconstrained QP-problem. The matlab function "firls" implements a solution to this problem. Basically, one ...
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163 views

IIR filter that is causal and stable and has more phase lag at lower frequencies

I have a physical system consisting of a microphone, which feeds to a DSP, which drives a speaker. The microphone and speaker system have an amplitude response or gain, as well as a phase response, ...
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166 views

How can I detect if a filter is FIR or IIR according to impulse response graph?

I have the following two graphs but I don't know how to recognize from the graph if they are IIR or FIR! Can you please guide me through? P.S.: Does MATLAB have a function to detect if an impulse ...
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IIR biquad coefficients for negative frequencies in IQ data?

Assume I have a (single real float channel) biquad IIR filter implemented in C, and some coefficients for a bandpass filter (right out of RBJ's cookbook). If I convert the input, output, data path, ...
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Criteria to distinguish FIR and IIR filters from difference equation?

What criteria should be used to safely decide if it is an IIR filter or FIR filter from a difference equation? FIR filter are always stable, meaning all poles are inside the unit circle AND have ...
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113 views

How is the MATLAB filter function so fast?

How is the filter function implemented in MATLAB? How is it so fast? What's the fastest implementation of a FIR filter?
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Understanding Z-Transforms and Pole Locations

I am trying to gain a better understanding of pole locations in the Z-plane of a given discrete transfer function, $H(z)$. I think I have a pretty good understanding of how to use the Z-transforms ...
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Using goertzel confuses me

I am having some troubles understanding the algorithm. My algorithm looks like this. how come am i able to compute the DFT coefficient using this algoritm. As far as i know $$ X[k] = ...
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169 views

Matlab SOS Filter in C++

I'm struggling to validate that my C++ implementation of a filter I designed in Matlab is correct. My first issue is to make sure I'm implementing the sections in the right order. This is the output ...
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57 views

Is it possible to implement FIR band pass filter using two FIR band stop filters?

I am trying to filter a signal using a given FIR band stop filter. I have to implement a band pass filter. Assuming I want to get the signal between normalized cutoff frequencies [0.2,0.3] - can I ...
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Is impulse response determined in a different way for systems described with 1st and 2nd order difference equations?

I was studying the book DSP: Principles, Algorithms & Applications, and tried to solve some problems. The book states that the impulse response when one knows the difference equation of the ...
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Can I compute my IIR faster given limited possible input values?

I have an IIR routine in C++ I'm trying to speed up. Currently I'm using a DF2 implementation. Since my input signal will always be either 1.0 or -1.0 is it possible for me to optimize the algorithm, ...
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278 views

Calculate cut-off frequency of lowpass IIR-filter

Given a an IIR lowpass-filter in z-space: $ H(z) = \frac{\sum_{i=0}^P b_{i} z^{-i}}{1+\sum_{j=1}^Q a_{j} z^{-j}} $ How to calculate it's 3dB cut-off frequency? I about evaluating it's fourier ...
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140 views

Noise Equivalent Bandwith of IIR and FIR Filters?

How do you calculate the noise equivalent bandwidth for an IIR or FIR filter?
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271 views

Gain of FIR/IIR filters

What are the formulas for signal and noise power gain of digital filters (FIR and IIR)? For a FIR, I've seen in Harris' windowing paper that the DC gain is the sum of the filter weights. $$ G = ...
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Very first values of y[n] in an IIR filter

I use a simple biquad IIR filter : ...
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How can I prove stability of a biquad filter with non-zero initial conditions

Ok, so the situation is that I have a DFII biquad with some filter coefficients: $w[n] = x[n] - a_1*w[n-1] - a_2*w[n-2]$ $y[n] = b_0*w[n] + b_1*w[n-1] + b_2*w[n-2]$ While the filter is ...
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IIR issues when order is high

Thanks to all the people who helped me here, I finally achieved to implement a notch filter (*), with coefficients given by : http://www-users.cs.york.ac.uk/~fisher/mkfilter/trad.html When I do ...
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402 views

simplest Notch filter in the world

What do you think of this notch / band reject filter for a very very narrow band ? ...
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110 views

Scaling of a notch filter

Let's say I have an IIR filter that is a notch type with a peak at -20db. How do I modify the coefficients of the filter so that the peak is at -10 db for example? I know I can scale the denominator ...
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475 views

Design of 10th order high pass filter using 2nd order biquads with Matlab and further substitution on to TI AIC3204

I am involved in designing a 10th order high pass filter with cutoff frequency 300Hz. My hardware AIC3204 has a 5 biquads of direct form I, 24bit coefficient so I have chosen the FDA (filter design ...
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IIR: get magnitude and phase from coefficients

i'm trying to plot 1)the magnitude and 2)the phase response of an IIR eq with only its coefficients. i've found somewhere that one can find the magnitude response starting with the transfer function ...
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interpolation of filter coefficients

i've read that it is possible to interpolate between two sets of filter coefficients (if they are close of course), but how to interpolate between two sets of coefficients which are of different ...
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74 views

Choosing inverse Z-transform equation, given that $|a|<1$

Given that $|a|<1$, then which of those inverse-Z-transform equations are we to use? I am leaning towards the first because (as I understand it), $z$ is merely a complex number that is ...
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Group cascading IIR filters of different orders

Is it possible to make one IIR filter from various cascading IIR filters of different orders? I know it is possible to do it from filters of the same order, but what about filters with different ...
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Stability varying with order

I have been doing some research into modelling acoustic spaces, and (with help from this site) I've managed to take the frequency response of fibrous layer model, convert it to a reflection response ...
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Designing an allpass IIR filter with arbitrary phase response

could you tell me step by step the algorithm to design an arbitrary phase response IIR allpass filter design ? I know Matlab uses a "brute force" algorithm to find an arbitrary group delay response ...
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395 views

Complex Least Squares FIR filter design using Levinson' s algorithm

i'm trying to implement an arbitrary IIR filter design. I'm decomposing all the algorithm into smaller pieces that i can test. I currently am on the part where it designs a FIR filter from an ...