A high-pass filter is a device that passes high frequencies and attenuates frequencies lower than its cutoff frequency.

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Is a high-passed signal the same as a signal minus a low-passed signal?

My question is, if I want to high-pass a signal, is it the same as low-passing a signal and subtracting it from the signal? Is it theoretically the same? Is it practically the same? I have searched ...
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2answers
55 views

Removal of noise from vibration recordings

Problem I am analyzing accelerometer recordings that are contaminated by 'spikes' caused by issues in the digital circuitry. The spikes are problematic, because I wish to determine the peak-amplitude ...
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1answer
18 views

Correction of signal after High-pass RC-filter

I have one question about digital correction of signal after RC filter which is high-pass. Let me explain detail. I have one simple signal conditioner. It has RC filter on the signal input with ...
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2answers
59 views

How do I identify CUTOFF frequency from my audio signal? [on hold]

I was able to recorded an audio signal through the MIC and i applied FFT and Hanning window function to it. Now I want to know how do I identify CUTOFF frequency from it to apply the High Pass Filter. ...
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2answers
65 views

How to produce a high-pass filter from a low-pass one?

I already have a low-pass filter and want to remove the DC offset of a signal with a high-pass one. I guess you can subtract a low-pass filtered signal from the original signal and the result is a ...
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1answer
35 views

Apply FIR filters to Extract Stego from WAV data

I appreciate anyone that takes a moment to help me with this problem. I've been banging my head against the keyboard for a while, searching forums and DSP tutorials and I can't figure this problem ...
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0answers
27 views

Why Matlab fdatool designed butterworth filter and butter command's co-efficients are different

I met an great confusion. Using below command I have got co-efficents for a 300Hx cut-off high pass filter of order two. [z p k] = butter(2,(300/44100),'high') [sos,g] = zp2sos(z,p,k) Now ...
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3answers
75 views

Filter order and cut off frequency

How can I know exactly what frequencies are not influenced by the filter? I mean, I have a signal in the range of frequencies $5-100 Hz$ and I apply a high-pass, $4^{th}$ order Butterworth filter ...
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1answer
39 views

How to find roll-off from its transfer function equation?

I want to find roll-off (unit dB/decade) of highpass filter $H(z) = 1 - a \cdot z^{-1}$. I derived magnitude response to be $1+a^2 - 2a\cdot \cos(\omega)$ To find out roll-off factor from above ...
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2answers
35 views

How can you intutively figure what the impulse response will behave like?

I was trying to understand convolution from this book and came across this figure: Here, the input signal is a combination of a sine wave and a ramp. In fig a, the input signal is convolved with a ...
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31 views

High Pass Filter, effect of applying it on this image.

I am having question about the HPF. In particular, it is having a high pass guassian filter which is applied to the original image below. High pass filter should only detect edge (lots of change in ...
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2answers
324 views

Audio signal processing

I am trying to code audio signal processing software in java. Purpose: It will use audio signal processing library to filter out noise from the raw PCM based input (.wav) of heartbeat recording. ...
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4answers
397 views

how to design a high pass filter to remove dc offset from signal

I want to design a high pass filter (f0*S/1+f0*S) in order to remove the dc offset from a signal ? (i.e. how to choose the frequency f0). Thanks, Hacene Ps : the filter is for matlab implementation, ...
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0answers
46 views

digital filter and epoch length

A reviewer has asked me to re-filter my data to remove baseline drift. Each sweep is 170ms sampled at 1000Hz and the reviewer wants it high-pass filtered at 0.5Hz. The original bandpass settings on ...
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0answers
98 views

Signal leveling using scipy

Apologies if I'm using incorrect terms, and if this question's already been answered here. I have a data set which consists of a high DC signal modulated by AC signal (taken from custom-built ...
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61 views
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1answer
87 views

Which kernel produces sharper image

kernel A = [ 0 -1 0 -1 4 -1 0 -1 0 ] and B = [-1 0 -1 0 4 0 -1 0 -1 ] i have found the frequency spectrums with ...
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1answer
161 views

filtering fft spectrum further?

I am working on bearing faults.I did the high pass filter and then calculated the envelope of the signal in the time domain. I then found its fourier. The fft spectrum is still not clear. My ...
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2answers
669 views

Filter size vs. FFT size and Overlap add

First of all I would like to say that : I'm new to DSP and in a "learning curve" hence the "basicness" of my questions. I've read as many posts/articles as possible on the internet but still need ...
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1answer
558 views

Design of 10th order high pass filter using 2nd order biquads with Matlab and further substitution on to TI AIC3204

I am involved in designing a 10th order high pass filter with cutoff frequency 300Hz. My hardware AIC3204 has a 5 biquads of direct form I, 24bit coefficient so I have chosen the FDA (filter design ...
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1answer
107 views

Highpass filter applied to noise

Suppose the input signal is represented as $$y=x+w$$ where $x$ is the signal to be estimated and $w$ is AWGN. I design a high pass filter $H$. What does $$H^{T}Hw$$ represent? Will it be just AWGN but ...
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1answer
827 views

Mathematical Proof of Complementary Filter?

Having found some unofficial sources on Complementary Filter (Thousand Thoughts Sensor Fusion and The Balance Filter by Shane Colton), I wish to work out its rigorous mathematical proof. The ...
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3answers
385 views

Negative values from High Pass filtering

I come from Fluid Mechanics domain so pardon me for asking a naive and fundamental question. I am trying to perform high pass filtering on a set of positive real numbers (~Energy) using FFT. ...
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1answer
183 views

Anybody with experience with online double integration of acceleration?

I've found good literature for offline proccesses, and I've gotten good results. However, when it comes to online applications, I've found nothing good. Applying any filter without a linear phase ...
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1answer
288 views

How to determine the parameter of a Complementary Filter?

I know that the Complementary Filter has the functions of both LPF and HPF. But I think my understanding on the principal behind it is still unclear. I am quite new on digital signal processing, and ...
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0answers
373 views

High Pass filter

I am new to signal processing and im trying my best to figure out how to build a high pass filter then later on implement it. (in c#) Edit: I rewrote the question with math notation, if someting is ...
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0answers
461 views

How do decide which order my butterworth filter should have?

I have a signal that was recorded with around 300 samples in a second. Now I want to run a low pass and a high pass butterworth filter over it. The frequency for the high pass filter is around 0.05 Hz ...
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2answers
329 views

Why is Prewitt filter High Pass

Prewitt filters are popular filters in image processing for edge detection http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prewitt_operator Can anyone give a proof on why Perwitt and other edge detecting filters are ...
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3answers
650 views

LPF and HPF Confusion - Rectangular and Circular Cut-Offs

Interpreting some homework, I'm a little confused on what it's asking for. I'm asked to filter in the frequency domain (easy enough, just a fft2 and ifft2 when I'm done) a 256x256 8bit grayscale tiff ...
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3answers
2k views

Is it correct to subtract a low-pass filtered signal from the original signal and use the result as a “high-pass”?

I am having a hard time trying to find documentation to implement band-pass or high-pass filter with python/scipy/numpy. I can easily create and apply a low-pass filter, though, so I ask: Would it ...
4
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2answers
288 views

Filtering of streaming audio

Given something like 103 data points ($N=103$), a DFT will give back 103 frequency values. Then to do something like filtering the high frequencies involves setting the high frequency values from the ...
7
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2answers
378 views

complementary IIR filters

I would like a pair of complementary IIR filters (lowpass/highpass). By complementary, I mean, when the output from the two filters is summed, the original signal is recovered. I thought I could build ...
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3answers
103 views

Analyzing movement of fringes

I have taken a series of images of a fringe pattern at regular time intervals. This fringes are generated by shining a laser beam onto the CCD camera. The laser goes through a lot of optics, which is ...
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491 views

Normalizing Negative filter coefficients for Digital filter design

I am designing a High pass Digital filter. I calculated the filter coefficients using fdatool and got some negative filter values. Now, I need to convert them into values from 0 to 255. In case of ...
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4answers
1k views

What is the physical interpretation of Lowpass/Highpass filtering?

In Image/Signal processing context we have seen/we know that if there are say 4 samples and if we take an average of those 4 samples, then we say that the result sample is a low pass filtered output ...