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1answer
40 views

Signal equation using signal waveform and Fourier series?

Part A: Obtain signal waveform from mathematical equation of the signal Let a sinusoidal periodical signal is represented by an equation $$y=f(t)=10+10\cos\left(\frac{2\pi f_1t}{T} ...
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1answer
27 views

Deriving the DFT magnitude of $A\cos(2\pi nk/N)$

Given that $$x(n) = A\cos(2\pi nk/N),$$ the $N$-point DFT of $x(n)$ can be expressed as follows—the derivation can be found in here: $$X(m) = \color{red}{\frac{A}{2}\sum_{n=1}^{N-1}e^{-j2\pi ...
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1answer
30 views

Where does $\frac{N}{2}$ came from in approximating an N-point DFT?

I've came across the author saying that ... for a real cosine input having k cycles in the N-point input time sequence, the amplitude response of an N-point DFT bin in terms of the bin index m is ...
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1answer
43 views

Signal's Fundamental Frequency is different from Plotted Signal

I've been attempting to plot the following function using MATLAB: $$ x(k)=\sum_{n=11}^{50} \sqrt{n} \sin (2n\pi k) +\sum_{n=1}^{40}\sqrt[3]{n} \sin (3n\pi k) $$ Note that $k$ is a continuous ...
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1answer
38 views

square wave frequency representation

New to this signals stuff and i'm confused about the frequency representation of the square wave. Correct me if i'm wrong, a periodic square wave is composed of odd harmonics sine waves which are ...
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0answers
61 views

Anomaly at bin centre frequency

I'm building an additive synth using a real IFFT. Spectrum size 512, Samplerate 44100. I've noticed that when I alter the fine tune of one my oscillators, I get a blip sonic artefact exactly at the ...
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1answer
48 views

Relation between Fourier Series & Fourier transform [duplicate]

So i was just revising some basic DSP concepts. Just wanted to verify this fact. Fourier series represents a periodic signal $\hat{x}(t)$ with period P as a countably infinite sum of sinusoids of ...
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1answer
39 views

How do I calculate the eigenvalues of a covariance matrix which contains harmonic functions

I have read that $ce^{-\frac{\phi_i-\phi_j}{\rho}}$ is a harmonic function of the form $e^{-in\phi_i}$, and therefore it's eigenvalues are one of the Fourier components of $(|\phi_i-\phi_j|)$. My ...
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1answer
97 views

Relation between sawtooth Fourier coefficients and its DFT

I'm having some trouble with understanding the DFT of a sawtooth single period signal and its relation with sawtooth Fourier coefficients. Let's say I have a signal $$ s(t) = \frac{At}{T} - ...
2
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2answers
93 views

How to find Fourier Series Coefficients

I saw many solved examples about this topic but again I coudn't come up with any solutions about this question. How can I find the Fourier Series coefficients of the following signal ? $x(t)=2 ...
3
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2answers
119 views

FFT of SIN waves with different phase delays

I have come across a peculiarity of FFTs which has got me somewhat baffled. I've simply summed up 101 sine waves and taken the FFT using this matlab script : ...
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3answers
86 views

Formulas of the Fourier transform family

It has annoyed me that there doesn't seem to be a source online where the complete complex Fourier transform family is presented with every variable defined. The lack of definitions can be a nuisance ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Calculating original signal from Discerete Fourier Transform

I am trying to calculate the original equation using a DFT. I start with a equation, generate values from this equation and then get the dft of these values. The aim is to generate the original ...
2
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2answers
101 views

Convolution in frequency domain

Simple math question. The convolution theorem states that multiplication in time domain is equal to convolution in frequency domain and vice versa. There is a condition that the signal has to be ...
0
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2answers
117 views

About Fourier transform of periodic signal

In Fourier transform for periodic signal, I checked different books and I found a different explanation in each book. Let's take the explanation in Signals and Systems by Rajeshwari & Rao: The ...
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2answers
59 views

Finding Fourier Series Coefficients

I'm just beginning to learn about Fourier series and I'm trying to figure out how to find the Fourier series coefficients for $$x(t) = e^{j100\pi t}$$ I know that $$x(t) = \sum_{-\infty}^{\infty} ...
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2answers
73 views

Derive Frequency Representation of Impulse Train Function

I want to walk through the derivation of the frequency representation of an impulse train. The definition of the impulse train function with period $T$ and the frequency representation with sampling ...
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1answer
126 views

Fourier Transform/Series DFT/DFS textbook problem (simple?)

Suppose $x_c(t)$ is a periodic continuous time signal with period 1 ms and for which the Fourier series is \begin{align*} x_c(t) &= \sum\limits_{k=-9}^9 a_k e^{j(2000 \pi k t)} \\ \end{align*} ...
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1answer
42 views

Relation between a Fourier series harmonic component and its power

My question is about the meaning of power spectrum derived from the Fourier series coefficients. Fourier series is shown below: $$f(t)=a_0+\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}a_n\sin(\omega_n ...
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4answers
102 views

Why Fourier series if Fourier transform can be calculated for both periodic and aperiodic?

While learning about Fourier Transform after Fourier Series, That we can calculate Fourier transform of periodic signals too. If we can take the Fourier transform of periodic signal too then my ...
1
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1answer
83 views

Determining Fourier Series coefficient for Discrete time

I am trying to solve the proof for determining the Fourier series representation of a periodic signal. I understand fourier series equation for Discrete time which is $$x[n] = \sum^{}_{k=<N>} ...
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0answers
177 views

Proof of Properties of Fourier series in CT

I feel problem in understanding the proof of Fourier series properties Time scaling $$b_k = \frac{1}{T}\int_{T}x(t)e^{jk\omega_0t}dt$$ $a$ - scaling factor $$ = ...
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3answers
80 views

magnitude and phase Fourier coefficients

While solving Fourier series coefficients in example, i found couple of things which confuse me. How the minus sign changes to plus sign $a_1= 1-\frac{1}{2j} = 1+\frac{1}{2}j$? After plotting the ...
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1answer
94 views

Mathematical model of a signal in Compressive Sampling

Currently I am reading a paper on Compressive Sampling, and trying to understand each and every parts of it. When I came across the mathematical model of the signal in paper, I got confused. I have ...
1
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1answer
81 views

Proof for determining Fourier coefficients

While determining Fourier coefficients we have this equation $$\int^{T}_{0} x(t) e^{-jn\omega_0t} dt = \sum^{+\infty}_{k\ =\ -\infty} a_k [\int^{T}_{0} e^{j(k-n)\omega_0t}dt]$$ I want to ask that how ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Value of $A_k$ in Fourier series

Fourier series in continuous time domain while representing $a_k$ in rectangular form $$ a_k = B_k + jC_k$$ But when using the value of $a_k$ in the main equation: $$ x(t) = a_0 + ...
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1answer
37 views

Fourier Series Proof

I want to ask Question about the Fourier series in continuous time domain while reading a book signals and systems Alan Oppenheim. I have confusion in understanding the statement on page 189 of its ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Fourier series in continous time domain

I want to ask Question about the Fourier series in continuous time domain. I am following signal and systems 2nd Edition by Alan Oppenheim. I have confusion in understanding the statement that ...
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0answers
36 views

the DFT of a periodic signal represented by a fourier series

If I have a signal represented by a Fourier series(like in the photo), which is sampled with $T_s$: $$x[n]=x(t=nT_s) = \sum_{m=-\infty}^{\infty}a[m]e^{j2\pi m(nT_s)/T_0} $$ How do I find its DFT? I ...
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6answers
169 views

When is the Fourier transform of a signal periodic?

I mean not the time-domain signal being periodic, but the Fourier transform being periodic.
0
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1answer
67 views

Bartlett's and Welch's Method for PSD

Lets say. I have an image of 100 samples, and I want to find the presence of smaller image of 24 sample using cross-correlation in the fourier domain. I use Bartlett's and Welch's method for PSD, ...
0
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1answer
89 views

Finding Correlation response in fourier domain

Lets say I have a system that is trying to find a small image (assume all images are grayscale) within in an image by using correlation. So this system has the baseline image, and I input 5 different ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Fourier series calculation [closed]

I have tried to solve, but do not know if the answer is correct or not. A person has a periodic voltage input to a circuit. The input repeats itself every 0.02 seconds i.e. the fundamental period is ...
1
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1answer
97 views

How to simplify the Fourier Series Using an Approximation?

I have a signal, $f(t)$. I know a function that can be used to generate this signal, such that I can determine its Fourier series. I want to express this Fourier series in simpler terms so that the ...
1
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1answer
77 views

What is difference between outputs of Fourier transform and Fourier series of a periodic square waveform?

We can use Fourier transform of an aperiodic signal and Fourier series of periodic signal. But we can use Fourier transform formula for periodic function also. Now, let us consider a periodic square ...
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1answer
59 views

How Fourier decomposition is performed?

The Fourier decomposition explains a time series entirely as a weighted sum of sinusoidal functions and with the Fourier series,it is possible to do it. But I have some doubts Suppose ,for any ...
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2answers
66 views

why fourier series gives lower amplitude for max value of signal

I want to approximate below signal using fourier series on Matlab. My code is below ...
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0answers
21 views

Approximating the fourier coefficients from a discrete time signal

Suppose I have a discrete time signal $x_t$ sampled with a frequency $f_s$. I know that if I take the discrete fourier transform of the signal and compute the power, I can easily (by visual ...
0
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2answers
156 views

Signal decompositon

I am not a good in writing algorithm but please follow below steps 1.There are 4 1D sinusoidal periodic signals.3 of them are given by \begin{cases} x(t)=4\sin(10\pi t) \\ y(t)=8\cos(20\pi t) \\ ...
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1answer
70 views

Change of discrete summation to definite integral

The Exponential Fourier Series for a signal is written as, $$x(t) = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} X_n e^{jnw_0t}\tag{1}$$ and, Fourier Coefficient, $X_n$, is written as, $$X_n = \frac{1}{T} ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

how to create synthetic $1/f$ noise? [duplicate]

I am writing an app to work with synthetic time series data from a physics experiment. In our experiments we always have $1/f$ noise in our time series, but I haven't been able to find code/packages ...
-1
votes
1answer
53 views

Exact formula for alias of Discrete Fourier transform for periodic sigals

Suppose that $f(t): \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{C}$ is a $T$-periodic signal, with highest frequency $f_h$. Now suppose that our sampling rate frequency is lower than $f_h$, and is not any multiples of ...
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votes
3answers
150 views

Can I study continuous time Fourier Transform and treat the rest as special cases

Say I learned the theoretical result of continuous time Fourier transform. And I want to extends some results(say "convolution rule") to Lapace transform, Z transform, DTFT, DFT, Fourier sequence ...
3
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1answer
113 views

Signal Processing using Fourier Transform

How can I derive the fourier transform of ...
1
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2answers
202 views

A clarinet has no even harmonics. What would produce no odd harmonics?

According to this link, the waveforms of clarinets do not have even-numbered components in their harmonic series: A closed cylindrical air column will produce resonant standing waves at a ...
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votes
1answer
47 views

Fourier series qn determine the fourier series coefficients

Can someone please help me with this Fourier series question: Determine the Fourier series coefficients of $x(t)$ given as $x(t) = > \cos4t +\sin8t+3$?
0
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1answer
80 views

Why does Fourier Series have $\sin$ and $\cos$ Components

While we look at Fourier Series there are both $\sin$ and $\cos$ components.But I think $\sin$ component is ony needed to describe wave.why there is also an $\cos$ component in Fourier Series? ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Deriving time-scaling property for Fourier Series

thanks for taking the time to help with this problem! I have to prove the time-scaling property: $$ x_{(m)}[n] = \begin{cases} x[n/m], & n=0,\pm m, \pm 2m,...\\ 0, & otherwise \end{cases} $$ ...
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0answers
113 views

DSP interview question: use of the identity in development of a significant transform

I'm preparing interview and found this question. But I don't really understand what is the question. Does it ask about Fourier transform or Z transform? How the simple identity $$xy=\frac{1}{2}x^2 ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Fourier synthesis

I know what I am attempting is not easy but I have a spectrum with peaks at 10Hz 20Hz and 30Hz. I also have various amplitudes at these peaks. I want to recreate my original signal. I initially ...