Fiter design is the process of designing a filter.

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What is the Roll-Off factor of a Root Raised Cosine Filter?

When designing a root raised cosine filter on Matlab, there is an option to set its "roll-off factor". What does this mean? I have been looking around for a while but I can't seem to find a clear ...
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19 views

FIR filter design using windowing

I am a newbee in DSP. I am using an FIR low pass and high pass filter with rectangular window in C++. I have calculated the filter coefficients using Low pass filter kernel: High pass filter ...
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54 views

FIR vs IIR filter

In my filter design, FIR gives order 14 and IIR gives order 8 or 4. so what are the disadvantages of IIR design?
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26 views

Why bother impluse invariance, bilinear transform?

Now that we can operate in the frequency domain by way of FFT. We can implement ideal lowpass, highpass and bandpass digital filters. then why there many textbooks talk about designing digital ...
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34 views

multiplications per second for FIR filter

In my filter the fs=300MHz. and no. of coefficients is 31. I have following queries. (1) what will be the number of multiplications per second? (2) can multiplication be done in one clock cycle? (3) ...
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51 views

FIR filter design

I am designing an FIR filter.my specs are fs=300MHz, Fc=45MHz, Fs=75MHz, passband gain=3dB , stopband attn=>40dB. what parameters I values of a have to provide in firpm for the minimum order filter ...
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43 views

How to pad a windowed sinc filter in the frequency domain

I'm creating windowed sinc filters to apply them to certain signals that I'm dealing with. To design the filters, I'm using the approach described in the book "The Scientist and Engineer's Guide to ...
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32 views

How to periodically estimate states of a LTI if the output is measured irregularly?

How can I periodically estimate the states of a discrete linear time-invariant system in the form $$\dot{\vec{x}}=\textbf{A}\vec{x}+\textbf{B}\vec{u}$$ $$\vec{y}=\textbf{C}\vec{x}+\textbf{D}\vec{u} ...
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25 views

High Speed Digital Signal Processors [closed]

Can anybody suggest me the highest speed DSPs available in the market now. Also, what would be the best for a filer design application a DSP or an FPGA?
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46 views

group delay of the FIR filter

For an FIR filter, with symmetrical tap values $h[N-1-n]=h[n]$, why is the group delay $\frac{N-1}{2} T$ (where $N$ is the number of taps of the FIR filter and $T$ is the sampling time)? Why is ...
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36 views

direct Frequency domain FIR filtering vs Overlap-add method

I'm trying to do bandpass filtering of a EEG signal samples at 250Hz and benchmarking the following 4 methods of FIR filtering for different filter orders. The length of the signal is 15000 samples. ...
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58 views

why the number of filter coefficients in FIR filter has to be an odd number?

I calculated the order of the FIR filter to be 31(N). so, the number of coefficients has to be 32 (N+1). so, I have to increase it to 33 to make it an odd number. Why the number of filter ...
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32 views

Accumulator with decay?

I am using an accumulator in the form of X + [Y-1], X plus the unit delay of the output. Is there an accumulator that follows this form, but will fall to 0 over time, similar to a differentiator?
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83 views

Picking out a signal that appears to be noise inside a large signal

I have a signal from a photodiode sensor that has two types of noise. One type of noise is ambient light white noise that gets introduced just from the surrounding environemnt. The other type of noise ...
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1answer
35 views

Creating a digital filter, from laplace to z transformation(zero order hold) to code?

I'm trying to create a digital filter in code(C) but any languge is fine. Now I've got an analogue filter that i have represented by an equation in the Laplace domain and I want to try and implement ...
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30 views

Implementing digital filter by padding with zeros

I am making a 9th order digital bandpass filter with lower and upper corners of 200 kHz and 40 MHz respectively. I am using this filter to filter a 1D time domain signal which is 64k samples long ...
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2answers
76 views

Reconstruct FIR frequency response from the coefficients

There is a lot of tools for designing FIR filters. Using one such tool I have designed a filter that satisfies my needs. It's coefficients are as follows: ...
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1answer
44 views

correct for shift from butterworth filter?

I have implemented a python butterworth filter but it seems to shift the data a lot, the x location of my data is very important to me for my analysis. Is there a way to correct for this shift ...
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183 views

Real and Imaginary Frequency Responses of a single complex pole

I'm filtering a real signal with a single complex pole with a complex coefficient (a_re [real part] and a_im [imaginary part]), I also have a gain coefficient but I'm gonna leave it out for the sake ...
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32 views

Using Python with scipy.signal firwin, how do I know how many taps/coefficients should be used?

I need to alter an FIR filter which I know very little about. I have a signal which need to be altered, and looking at a Python script used for this task, I see that it uses Scipy's signal library, ...
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45 views

Slepian or DPSS window

I am planning to use Slepian or DPSS window in my application where I want central lobe to be concentrated and also have low bandwidth: ...
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3answers
74 views

How to filter noise from continuous path in image

Problem statement In the dataset above, you can notice a continuous path and then a noise-band at around 320-400 on the x-axis. I want to be able to apply a filter that amplifies the continuous ...
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1answer
65 views

Low pass filter to maintain edge information

I am looking for a kernel acting as a low pass filter that satisfies these conditions: $$K(-\mathbf{u})=K(\mathbf{u}) \tag{1}$$ $$K(\mathbf{u}) \ge K(\mathbf{v}), \;\; \text{if} \;\; ...
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59 views

Design and implementation of causal band-pass filter for biosignals - what to consider? [closed]

I currently work in a project of clinical software (C#) which deals with clinical biosignals, specifically EMG and other low-frequency signals (load-cells, goniometers, and other biomechanical ...
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46 views

Approximate a system frequency response with a filter in Matlab

suppose I know the frequency response of a (linear) model approximating a real physical system but only at a specific frequency $f_0$ (so basically I have a complex number whose module is the ...
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58 views

Any way to compensate for fractional delay filter's weakness between taps?

A little background: I have an FPGA (running at 200MHz) that I am creating multipath events using buffers, all of that works. I take RF, mix down to IF, sample, make adjustments, out the DAC, and ...
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57 views

Low-pass vs median filter delay

I need to design a filter to reduce noise from accelerometer readings and use this data to a control system. One of the problems of a simple low-pass filter (like a single pole IIR filter) is the ...
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46 views

Designing the filtering for a time domain data acquisition application

I want to filter sensor signals for a data acquisition application on an ATmega microcontroller. The interesting parts of the signal are in the range 0-5Hz, and I'd like to leave these mostly ...
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1answer
85 views

Best way to inverse Hilbert on FPGA?

I have a real signal that is being sampled via ADC and passed to a Xilinx V6 FPGA. I then do a Hilbert transform on it using the FIR compiler core and get the complex signal (I and Q) to tweak the ...
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4answers
107 views

Why are recursives methods useful for FIR filter design?

As I understand it, FIR filtering is a linear process. That mean for me that the whole filtering process will have a fully predictable behavior. So, could someone explain why a universal ...
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76 views

Confusion about result of FIR All-pass filter design

I try to design a FIR All-pass filter with random phase in the frequency domain. I am a bit confused by my result and am not sure if the reason is a programming error or a misconception about ...
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40 views

Is there a way to break an analog sound signal up and send it through two radio chips at double the data rate of one?

Here is a radio chip for audio that sends at a CD-level data rate. Could you sample an analog signal (for instance from a guitar pick-up or microphone) in such a way that you could transmit using two ...
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Applying Discrete Filters

I have an exercise in DSP. I learnt about discrete filter but I don't know how to apply it to produce an output from an input signal. Please guide me to do this: Assume fundamental sample time is ...
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205 views

How do I manually plot the frequency response of a bandpass Butterworth filter in MATLAB?

I have code like below that applies a bandpass filter onto a signal. I am quite a noob at DSP and I want to understand what is going on behind the scenes before I proceed. To do this, I want to know ...
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91 views

FIR-Decimation and Low-pass filter (taps vs number of input points vs number of decimation stages)

I am new to digital filters and trying to understand parameters behind them. Scenario I am trying to get DC value from signals sampled at 100kHz sampling rate. such high frequency is used due to ...
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20 views

IIR Design with Neural Networks

i'm trying to apply this paper: using C++ Design of Digital Recursive Filter Using Artificial Neural Network In this paper the weights are the coefficients and they start with weight a(0) = 1 and ...
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79 views

First-order low pass filter with bounded derivative

Given a function $x(t)$ and a first order low-pass filter $\frac{dy}{dt} = \frac{1}{\alpha} (x(t) - y(t))$, is there a way to choose $\alpha$ analytically such that the derivative of $y(t)$ is ...
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88 views

How to remove historical values from exponential filter

Suppose I have two time series $A:=[0,0,0,4,5,6]$ and $B:=[1,2,3,4,5,6]$. I implement the following filter (with initial value at the first element): $$ f(t) = f(t-1) + \alpha*(f(t)-f(t-1))$$ with ...
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127 views

Low Pass Filter in AM Demodulation

I am trying to recover my baseband signal that was AM modulated. I am using the filter command in MATLAB to perform the low pass filtering ...the code is given below: ...
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114 views

Difference between Equiripple & Least Squares design for FIR digital filters

For an efficient and optimized digital FIR filter design, there are two methods available broadly, Equiripple filter design & Least Squares filter design. A general method for designing a filter ...
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74 views

Types of Filters

Which filters response is maximally flat at origin? It seems to me that both High Pass Filter and Band Pass Filter have maximum flat response at origin, although it is almost zero in case of Bandpass ...
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69 views

Interpret group delay of a filter

I keep reading that a constant group delay over a frequency band is desirable for a filter. But a constant group delay means a linear decrease in the phase delay, which would distort the signal. ...
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65 views

Signal leveling using scipy

Apologies if I'm using incorrect terms, and if this question's already been answered here. I have a data set which consists of a high DC signal modulated by AC signal (taken from custom-built ...
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55 views

Adaptive gaussian filter for noise image

I am looking for methods to enhance noisy images, where: some pixels in the image are very noise, some other pixels do not contain so much noise. My first thought is to build an adaptive Gaussian ...
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2answers
64 views

Why is beginning of this FIR filtered signal attenuated?

I apply an FIR filter passing the band around 50/1000 and attenuating the other three frequency components 30/1000, 70/1000 and 110/1000. Both filters are generated using the Remez algorithm. The ...
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2answers
130 views

Matlab - Creating a characteristic for Peak and Shelving filter

I have designed few shelving and peak filter. And I have calculated the a, b coeficients for several gains for these filters. Now I would like to create some kind of characteristic in Matlab so I ...
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32 views

Is it possible to calculate a z-transform for a filter calculated with Parks-McClellan?

I would like to know whether this can be done and if then how would this feat be acomplished in Matlab given a filter calculated with Remez? h = remez(...); If ...
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34 views

Trying to apply Parks-McClellan optimal FIR filter design

My goal is to apply the Remez exchange algorithm in R to design an FIR band pass filter for a specific frequency window. The question is not supposed to be referring to R of course but about how to ...
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103 views

Rate of fall of sidelobe level

Anyone can explain me about how measure side lobe roll-off rate of kaiser window from Spectrum in matlab where side lobe roll-off rate is the asymptotic decay rate, in decibels per octave of ...
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36 views

how does a karaoke work? [duplicate]

in audio signals the extraction of the background score , isolating the speech is known as the karaoke. if i use a simple band reject filter which will eliminate the spectral components in (0-4)KHz, ...