Demodulation is the act of extracting the original information-bearing signal from a modulated carrier wave.

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Binary FSK optimal detection rule

Let us consider BFSK modulation with symbols $\in {{1,2}}$. For symbol m the transmitter sends $s_m(t)=\sqrt{P\over T} e^{j2\pi f_mt}$ where $m=1,2$ and $f_m$ is symbol's $m$ carrier frequency. The ...
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33 views

Frequency Shifting in MATLAB

I am currently attempting to demodulate an audio file using MATLAB. After taking the fft of the signal, I receive this: After some more coding, I found the following values: Fs = 44100; Window ...
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1answer
20 views

Maximum Likelihood carrier phase estimation of $Acos(2\pi f_ct)$

This question refers to the example 5.2-1 of the book "Digital Communications, 5th Edition by John Proakis, Masoud Salehi" (example 6.2-1 in the 4th edition of the book) which asks for the estimate ...
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1answer
36 views

How to compute bit level soft decisions from an M-ary symbol?

When working with a decoder such as LDPC that can take in soft-decision inputs (or channel posterior probabilities as I've seen them called as well), how are these soft-decision values calculated for ...
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12 views

how to remove data signature from bpsk modulated signal..

i want to remove data signature from bpsk modulated signal for carrier estimation. i know one method of removing data signature i.e by squaring it. in this method noise will also increse. so if any ...
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34 views

Very high SNR BPSK modulation

I am using BPSK modulation to modulate a signal in continuous time (making rectangular waveform, multiplying by a carrier). The channel is band-limited and frequency-selective, and has the following ...
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26 views

M-FSK Soft-decision Calculation

Can soft-decision values be calculated in a non-coherent demod for an orthogonal M-FSK waveform and if so how? If I have a bank of matched filters for each FSK tone that output some sort of ...
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97 views

What is the connection between analog signal to noise ratio and signal to noise ratio in the IQ plane in a quadrature demodulation system?

We would like to compute the quantitative relation between analog noise near the LO frequency and the statistics of points found in the IQ plane after IQ demodulation. In order to completely ...
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1answer
71 views

Why isn't this AM Demod GNU Radio flow graph working with different sampling rates?

Please forgive me if this turns out to be a super newb question; I have spent some time (and also searched), and cannot find a solution. I am trying to demodulate an AM signal in GNU Radio, and I am ...
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45 views

In-phase and Quadrature demodulation

I'm new with signal processing and have started to learn it for physics research I am involved in. I have a signal which I want to process to find the amplitude of one frequency of. To do this, I'm ...
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8 views

How to do carrier recovery from base band data

Hi I am developing the carrier recovery model for QPSk demodulation. I am planning to use a IQ demodulator IC and bringing the 720MHz IF signal to baseband data of 320 Mbps each channel 160 Mbps. Now, ...
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29 views

How do you find the position of when a signal changes frequency?

Suppose I have a signal which varies between two frequencies (which represent a stream of binary data). I think this is called BFSK. I have the entire signal already sampled. Let's say each 'bit' ...
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26 views

Fractal Modulation Implementation

I would like to get help/assistance from whom could support me. I am trying to simulate the Fractal Modulation where the modulation and demodulation equations defined as: Modulation Equation ...
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1answer
61 views

Where do I start in learning how to demodulate a BPSK31 signal in software?

I'm a software developer and a Amateur Radio operator. Everything I know about audio (which isn't saying much) is self taught. I've learned how to generate audio samples and build wav files, send ...
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3answers
67 views

Can OFDM modulate analog signal?

I suppose that OFDM can't modulate analog signal. The basic mathematical description for OFDM is $$ v(t)=\sum_{k=0}^{N-1}X_{k}\exp(j2\pi k t /T),\quad 0<t<T$$ In this equation, $X_k$ is a ...
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1answer
30 views

Must OFDM signal be time-division in a multiple-transmitter and SFN system when the signal is free of spread-spectrum?

The OFDM baseband signal can be demodulated since each subcarrier is orthogonal to another. But In SFN system, i.e., Single Frequency Network, all OFDM signals from several transmitters are in the ...
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1answer
123 views

I/Q Sampling and Demodulation

A bit stream is mapped to symbols during baseband modulation, each symbol (say for QPSK) represents two bits. Each symbol has a corresponding I & Q value, which in QPSK, are used as the amplitude ...
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26 views

Recover signal from sum of AM and FM

I have samples of a signal that contains an AM signal added to an FM signal with the same carrier frequency $f_c$. The AM signal is a sinusoid with frequency $f_{AM}$ and the FM signal is a sinusoid ...
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1answer
28 views

dvb-s to dvb-c direct transmodulation

Is this possible to direct trans modulate DVB-S/S2 -> QI into -> DVB-C/C2 signals without doing it the way DVB-S/S2->Demodulator.ic-Transport Stream -> Modulator.ic-Transport Stream -> DVB-C/C2 ? Qpsk ...
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2answers
68 views

FM demodulation amplifier with saturation

I'm trying to understand how FM demodulation works. I read a lot on the internet and as far as I understand, the main process is to extract the phase difference (that is also the output) between a ...
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1answer
43 views

Calculate properties of a given Modulated Signal

I'm having a hard time trying to understand signal modulation graphics and how can I calculate/find the properties of the signal. The properties I'm talking are: Max. amplitude Carrier frequency ...
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2answers
84 views

Relationship between Carrier Frequency Offset and the Constellation Diagram

As part of a project I am doing, I have to investigate how having a carrier frequency offset would affect the constellation pattern of the received signal.This question has got me baffled because to ...
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1answer
337 views

How to improve an FFT AM demodulator for NOAA APT satellite imagery?

My question involves proper FFT Technique for AM demodulation, in the special case where the modulation rate exceeds the carrier frequency. This question has a specific hobbyist application, the ...
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2answers
118 views

OFDM violates sampling theorem

The "textbook" OFDM block diagram is as the below figure. But I wonder if it satisfies the sampling theorem. Here, we have N points $X[k]$ before IFFT, and $$x[n]=\frac{1}{\sqrt{N}}\sum_{k=0}^{N-1} ...
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36 views

What is the complex-envelope notation?

In reading a paper on demodulation there was this sentence: "Using complex-envelope notation, the noise corrupted waveform at the IF filter output can be written as...". I've not heard this ...
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109 views

Detect FSK high/low bits in presence of noise with only simple processing

I'm currently in the process of writing DSP code, based on the amazing RTLSDR project, and using this as a vehicle to teach myself the basics of DSP (I have an extensive background in software ...
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1answer
143 views

Spectral effects of multiplying a signal by itself?

This has to do with creating the synchronization circuit for MSK in a DSP as described in "Minimum Shift Keying" by Subbarayan Pasupathy published in IEEE Communications Magazine. At the beginning of ...
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1answer
438 views

How to recover complex values (downconvert) from FM modulation (composite signal)?

How does one recover the complex IQ data from the output of a FM modulator. I have combined my signals correctly and performed FM modulation on them, now I'm looking for a way to find the IQ values ...
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2answers
99 views

Is there an efficient algorithm to extract low frequency signal from audio with high frequency carrier?

I need to process an audio signal in an Android app. As shown in the two examples below, there is a 16kHz carrier signal and a lower frequency signal of varying frequency (0-4kHz). Does anyone know of ...
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85 views

Extracing IQ samples from a composite signal?

I'm writing a modulator in matlab to simulate IQ data that I would get from my radio to test my demodulator. I've read that $I = x(t) cos(\omega t)$ and $Q = x(t) sin(\omega t)$. What is the ...
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1answer
423 views

why LTE doesn't use DC subcarrier in the downlink?

I know LTE doesn't use the DC subcarrier for OFDM/OFDMA modulation for the downlink, but no author gives a detailed explanation to this stuff. Can you tell me the reason behind it? Thank you!
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129 views

Demodulation with matlab

I am trying to listen VLF radio signals. I have a recorded wave file (download) and here is the frequency spectrum: I have produced this spectrum using this matlab code: ...
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78 views

What is wrong with this method of detecting the presence of a signal?

I am trying to decode Morse code from an audio (wav) file. Here is the technique I am using to detect the presence of the signal: I have a window of size (sampling_freq/tone), where tone is the ...
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1answer
120 views

how to get the phasor(frequency domain) representation of a digitalized signal?

I know that we can get the phasor representation(frequency domain) of a signal through Fourier transform, but the picture above gives a method that can get the phasor representation of a signal in a ...
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87 views

DSP Demodulation advice sought - please help

my field of engineering is condition monitoring. I use vibration analysis to determine the current state of health of a machine and then recommend any course of action required to ensure it does not ...
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49 views

Does this technique have a name?

It is possible to do IQ demodulation by using a zero crossing detector and a timer to take 4 samples of a sine wave if a reference signal is present. When there is no phase difference between the ...
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1answer
210 views

How to transmit the real+imaginary output of an IFFT over a transmission channel?

I'm working on a modem system using a 16-QAM scheme. The transmitter runs an IFFT to modulate the signal, and has a 12-bit DAC. The receiver runs an FFT to demodulate the signal, and has a 12-bit ADC. ...
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1answer
58 views

best meathod to lock onto a cdma signal?

I've been looking at 2 different methods to acquire a known prn code in a CDMA signal. The first trys Xor prn code chip to I sign data. Then average the result over a time period to determine the data ...
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1answer
47 views

resonance demodulation for bearing faults [closed]

Can someone explain me how are the different frequency bands useful for detecting bearing faults using resonance demodulation?
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1answer
169 views

Really basic question about OFDM

I am new to signal processing and am currently doing research into the subject. I am learning about Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing and have a question. Most definitions of OFDM mention its ...
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1answer
470 views

Implementing QPSK Demodulation

I conducted a research on how to implement a QPSK demodulator. I found out the Quadrature QPSK demodulation technique which seems very straight forward. Here is what i understood from the explanation ...
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63 views

TDOA using demodulated signal

Is it possible to find time delay of arrival using demodulated signals (of bandwidth ~200hz)? I have a setup in which I receive (multiple receivers, of course) modulated signal from a source. I want ...
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225 views

How to implement GMSK demodulation

I am currently trying to implement a GMSK demodulator, using Java. I am actualy trying to use the model of this block diagram. However, I really do not know what goes on within the mode selector and ...
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1answer
275 views

QAM for analog and digital waves [closed]

I tried the following code for modulation of two analog waves. Can anyone point to how to modulate and demodulate for an analog and a digital wave? I tried by replacing the second signal (x2) with a ...
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33 views

IQ sampling vs 2X f0 sampling for SDR

Are there any modulation schemes (or other situations) where sampling at or very near twice the carrier frequency would be better than IQ or quadrature sampling using a local oscillator at or near the ...
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1answer
269 views

ASK and Manchester Encoding

Firstly, the context: I've been given a signal in a wav file, the sampling rate and carrier frequency along with the fact it is Manchester encoded and has been ASK Modulated. Five periods of a ...
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223 views

Angle Averaging

I am working on an 802.11a demod that works, for the most part, but has a bug that causes intermittent errors. I haven't finished characterizing it, but it appears that the problem is in my ...
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2answers
282 views

Doppler effect on Baud Rate

I'm having a hard time wrapping my head around doppler and how it affects a digital communications signal's baud rate. The examples that I've seen explain that the center frequency of a signal is ...
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1answer
4k views

QPSK Modulation/Demodulation in C++

I'm trying to implement a QPSK Mod/DeMod system in C++. So far i have a bit generator that generates N bits and stores it into an array: ...
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1answer
318 views

Find beginning of signal for BPSK Demodulation

I want to store a small amount of data in a sound file recorded by a microphone but I know nearly nothing about signal processing. I managed to demodulate my data encoded using binary phase shift ...