The tag has no wiki summary.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
2answers
31 views

Frequency response of a (rectangular) integrator

A very simple question which can't really figure out: I have a simple discrete time rectangular integrator with Z transform H(z) = 1/(1-Z^(-1)) Plotting the frequency response with Matlab using ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Troubleshooting PID controller

I'm developing a PID controller to control the position of a laser beam. The position is measured using a Position Sensitive Device (PSD). I modeled the plant according to the manufacturer specs and ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

What is pulse train filter?

I have recently seen some code written in modelling tool like Simulink, ASCET which uses PT1 filter? Why do we use a pulse train filter? What is the difference between FIR, IIR, Chebyschev, ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Improving velocity estimation

I have a sensor reduction model which gives me a velocity estimate of a suspension system(velocity 1) . This suspension system estimate velocity is used to calculate another velocity(velocity 2) via ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Why eigen values and poles of a system are equivalent?

In control systems engineering, the stability of a system (modeled in the form of Transfer Function) is determined by the poles of the system in the right or left hand sides. When the model is ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

PID Control - process variable / setpoint

I'm trying to design a PID controller but I have a problem in the following case: The process variable can only be between 0 and 1. The setpoint can be close to one, for instance 0.97. Hence the ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Why does the impulse response determine the transfer function of a system? [closed]

why does it describe the transfer function.. How come? Especially for LTI systems. I thinking about the theory about how come an impulse input can provide information about a complete system.. As it ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

How to form Kalman filtering matrices for a problem with variable acceleration?

Assuming we have time vector $T$ with constant time step $dt$ position vector $X$ velocity vector $V$ acceleration vector $A$ All vectors $X, V, A$ have noise on their measurement ( $n_x$ , $n_v$ ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

System indentification different inputs

I have peformed different form for input/output relation to determine a system, but seem to be missing some theory which input will be the most will excite enough modes such that the models which i ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Perfect system identification or am i doing something wrong?

I am using MATLAB to identify a system. The problem with my method is that my result is perfect. I get a nearly 100% fit, which make me wonder if what I am doing is correct. I feed a sine sweep with ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

What is the low-pass filter that gives minimal transient response?

As title says, what is the low-pass filter that gives minimal transient response? By minimal transient response, I mean minimal settling time with reference to very tiny amount of divergence of ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Inputs for system identification

What effects does have a different input such as impulse, step, sine sweep etc. on performing a system identification? I mean what is up/down side, and which one is best, and why chose one rather ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Discrete dataset into to continous dataset?

I am trying to perform system identification on a system.The input i am going to provide is sinewaves with different frequencies. I sampled a sine wave with 100 Hz which is used a input for the ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

What kind of filter is this?

Is this filter a BPF? $$\dfrac{z}{z-a}$$ where $a$ is some complex number? If we put a pole somewhere on the unit circle it will emphasise a certain frequency, is that right?
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Given the digital filter, how does one minimize transient reponse while keeping steady-state resposne?

Suppose the digital filter is given by $H(z)$. If the input is $0$ for $n<0$, then when input occurs at $n =0 $, transient response will necessarily be there. So I want to minimize this transient ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

input output read/write frequency

I am trying to identify a system based on input/output response and thereby estimate a transfer function. I generated a frequency sweep function in Mathematica which gives me the discrete values of a ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Do FIR filter have any application in control theory?

I know about IIR filter as discrete pendent to transfer functions in the Laplace domain. So it is actually quite simple to convert the function of the control system and finally receive the discrete ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Root Locus for a system

I know this subject tends more to control theory but I am certain its part of the global knowledge basis for engineers, thus I believe I can find the answer here. I'm trying to draw Root Locus for ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

What is the physical interpretation of the dB scale on a bode plot and what is a negative dB?

I have no physical interpretation of the Bode plot. What does it mean for a bode plot to have negative dB over its entire duration on the log-scale frequency?
0
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the difference between a sampled time system and a discrete time system?

I am trying to evaluate whether I should control a system in simulink using sampled data system or discrete time system. The discrete model is as follows: The sampled time system is as follows ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Why is my bode plot showing periodic behavior?

I found something very interersting when I was trying to simulate a discrete time system. So first I discretized the continuous system $G(s)$ using "c2d" function and "dbode". The resulting bode ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Stability of an unstable system using nonlinear element. Is it possible or not?

Say there is a system with open-loop transfer function G(s)=1/(s−1) . The system is definitely unstable. If I put any nonlinear system in cascade with G(s) and from the output, a negative unity ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

How to intuitively understand the state space formulation of discrete time system?

The SS formulation of DT system is given by $$x[(k+1)T] = Ax(kT) + Bu(kT)$$ $$y(kT) = Cx(kT) + Du(kT)$$ Note: T is the sampling period and often omited Can someone explain to me why the state ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

For a standard second order transfer function, what is the equivalent time domain significance of $\zeta>0.707$?

In frequency domain $\zeta>0.707$ implies no resonant peak in frequency response. But I am unable to correlate what is the exact time domain effect of this? If $\zeta=0.707$ acts like an ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Does the system matrix being singular tell us anything about the system?

If we have a linear system, represented in State Space and the A matrix is singular (det(A) == 0), can we expect any special properties from the system?
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Choosing an appropriate PRBS for system identification

The system im investigating can be approximated with a First Order plus deadtime model. I'm currently using step and doublet pulses(two steps with opposite sign) to excite the system. I'd like to use ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Iterative Kalman filters and system parameters estimation

i am working recently on a project in which i want to implement a Kalman filter as being an observer, and i couple this observer with a state feedback controller that produces control actions ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

How to periodically estimate states of a LTI if the output is measured irregularly?

How can I periodically estimate the states of a discrete linear time-invariant system in the form $$\dot{\vec{x}}=\textbf{A}\vec{x}+\textbf{B}\vec{u}$$ $$\vec{y}=\textbf{C}\vec{x}+\textbf{D}\vec{u} ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Wavelet transform in control systems

In control systems, the Laplace transform is often used to analyze the stability and the performance of LTI system. For instance, the LTI system is stable if and only if the transfer function, which ...
-1
votes
1answer
90 views

Describing Function for non-symmetric Saturation Model

Let's talk about a standard saturation model: with bounds $bound_{lower}$ and $bound_{upper}$. So in this example the output $y$ will be: \begin{equation} y(u) = \begin{cases} ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Iterative blind sinus signal suppression

There are two real signals in the form of $A_i sin(wt+p_i), i=1,2$. Suppose frequency $w$ of both the signals is the same and amplitude $A_i$ and phase $p_i$ are different. The first signal has ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Does the integrator in a PID controller removes the disturbance?

I am reading "Small Unmanned Aircraft: Theory and Practice" (page 7). We have the following Transfer Function (TF): $\phi(s)=\frac{a_{\phi 2}}{s(s+a_{\phi 1})}(\delta_a(s)+\frac{1}{a_{\phi 2}}d_{\phi ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Differences between two closed-loop systems

What could I say about stability of those systems by looking at the scheme? System 1 System 2 $y_r(s)$ is input, $a(s)$, $b(s)$, $p(s)$, $q(s)$ and $r(s)$ are some polynomials and $y$ is output. ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Existence of transfer function

This is my system. Is there a way to find a transfer function? I can’t help the YR(s) going inside B(s) without being sampled, and I think this is the problem. Any help?
5
votes
2answers
318 views

A good textbook for designing signal filters

Since a couple of months ago I started being actively involved in the area of control of dynamical systems. In most cases, designing a controller for a given dynamic system will require the ...
3
votes
1answer
450 views

AutoExposure with nonlinear camera: Non linear proportional PID?

Now I', wondering how to best implement a control algorithm for it. I tried using a PID controler but started with a simple P-control first. The problem is, that when using the equation ...
2
votes
2answers
533 views

Kalman filter with accelerometer with DC offset

Goal: For a particle moving uniaxially, to estimate position ($d$) and velocity ($v$) from noisy acceleration ($a$) and very noisy position (GPS) measurements using a Kalman filter. Catch: The ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

construct 2-state observer

I have position $\theta(s) = \frac{s^2+1}{s^4+2s^3+3s^2+4s+5}$ and velocity $\dot\theta(s) = \frac{s(s^2+1)}{s^4+2s^3+3s^2+4s+5}$. How do I construct 2-state-observer with sampling time $T_s$? ...
1
vote
1answer
658 views

Inverse system in Simulink

I have a inverse system: $G(s)= s^2 + 2s + 3$. How do I apply it in a Simulink model? (the transfer function is only accepted if and only if the order of the numerator < order of denominator).
3
votes
0answers
151 views

Digital control: Exercise solution

Can you help me (show me how) to solve the following exercise? For the process with transfer function $G(s)=e^{-2s}/(s+1)$ design a digital controller with sampling time $T_{s} = 1$ that meets the ...
2
votes
1answer
584 views

State Space Observer Control

I am attempting to implement observer based state feedback in C and can't figure it out. Here is pseudocode of the algorithm: ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

response of algorithm in non-equidistant time

We are investigating ways to test a control algorithm. The algorithm has a non-equidistant track of input data (i.e. not every sample is valid, and we know it), and should output a series of ...
3
votes
0answers
434 views

How do I check controllability and observability using Gramian matrixes?

I have a pending exam and this is one of the must-know questions. It will be about checking controllability/observability of a simple MIMO linear system, using Controlability Gramian/Observability ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Optimal inference for nonlinear state space models

When considering a linear-Gaussian state space model, it is often referred that, optimal inference is tractable which is very rare in state space models. When considering a nonlinear state space ...
8
votes
0answers
130 views

Estimating the input to a system from a system state using EKF

[ Cross-posted from: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/164169/estimating-the-input-to-a-system-from-a-system-state ] I have a system for which I have obtained a non-linear time-varying ...
7
votes
2answers
934 views

How to do prediction using frequency domain data?

Both linear regression and Kalman filtering can be used to estimate and then predict from a time domain sequence of data (given some assumptions about the model behind the data). What methods, if ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

survey/book on adaptive/self-tuning of PI controllers?

Can someone point me towards a good book or survey article on adaptive/self-tuning of PI controllers? All I can find online are articles which are either vague or heavy on theory.
9
votes
1answer
570 views

How to deal with a negative pole (unstable) in the pre-filter of a control system?

So while answering how to design a PI controller for a first order time delayed system (Question Here ) Here is the closed loop equation to a control system: $$ G_C(s) = ...
7
votes
1answer
593 views

What is the “waterbed effect” in control system design?

I recently stumbled across some notes on the "Waterbed effect" in some notes by A. Megretski for an MIT course on "multivariate control systems". Here's an excerpt: A common effect, usually ...