# Tagged Questions

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### Is calculus background a must for learn DSP? [on hold]

I'm beginner in DSP and in the literature some Authors suggest Analog (Continuous) Signal Processing a prerequisite for learn DSP. But it demands calculus background, that I do not have. Is calculus ...
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I have a $14$-$\textrm{bit}$ ADC which can take $-10\textrm{ V}$ to $10\textrm{ V}$ as input. So, $0$ to $16383$ (digital) represents the voltage from $-10$ to $10$. If I want to get the actual ...
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### Linearizing digital-analog converters

I'm looking at ways to improve the effective resolution of DACs. It seems that element mismatch (i.e. integral non-linearity) is the main contributor to distortion in modern DACs. Apart from ...
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### How to calculate transmission capacity of a channel with multiple frequencies? [duplicate]

So I have the following question: If a transmission channel uses an analog carrier wave that is modulated by eight amplitudes and sixteen frequencies per bit time, then what is the ...
31 views

### Can we determine if a filter is butterworth or chebyshev from its physical topology?

Can all analog filters be classified as Bessel, Elliptic, Butterworth or Chebyshev? Given a physical ladder topology of several stages of {L, C or LC} in {series or parallel}, is it possible to ...
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### DAC to Analog Filter to ADC

As the order of filter needed for digital information gets higher, it takes longer to process and requires more memory. Maybe analog filtering could be of use here. I know that the words analog and ...
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### Two signals with the same frequency in the same area can interfere?

If one signal is transmitting form transmitter $TX_1$ with some frequency $X$ and some other transmitter $TX_2$ is sending some other signal with same frequency $X$ will there be any clash or ...
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### Understanding “voltage” and “power” in SNR of a sampled signal

I'm facing a gap in my understanding of when a signal is a "voltage" signal and when it is a "power" signal that I've always managed to avoid resolving until now... First what I think I understand, ...
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### How do I normalize accelerometer signals values to an relative scale?

Different smartphone devices have accelerometers manufactured by different manufacturers. Say I want to categorize vibrations recieved from various devices into one of the following scales : <...
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### Dealing with quantization level limiting dsp

There is a analog signal in the form as below: $$f(t)=A \sin(\omega(t) t+\phi)+B \sin(\omega(t-t_1) t+\phi_1)$$ Where $$B<<A$$ We are going to calculate $\phi, \phi_1, t_1$,using dsp. But ...
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### Building a distributed low-pass filter with cutoff frequency of $1$hz but the highest frequency of $10^{6}$hz

How does one build a distributed low-pass filter with cutoff frequency of $1$hz and highest frequency of $10^{6}$hz (or arbitrarily high)? In case of lumped circuits, this is easy to do, but in case ...
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### distributed low-pass filter frequency range

Suppose that signal's frequency ranges from 0 to some very high frequencies. One builds a low-pass filter which needs to be based on distributed element analysis because lumped-element analysis is ...
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### Creating a jittered clock (in Simulink)

I would like to simulate clock jitter in Simulink. My clock is time varying. I generate the clock with |cos(2*pifrft + g(t))| where g is a function varying with t. I want to give the jitter in terms ...
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### How to calculate the frequency of the analog information signal? [FM] [duplicate]

How to calculate the frequency of the information signal from the follow spectrum diagram (it contains only one frequency)? Information signal is also called as original signal but i'm not sure.
107 views

### Confused about anti-aliasing in analog filters

I'm a newbeginner when it comes to signal processing. I'm reading up about anti-aliasing, Nyquist and band-pass filters. There's something I don't get: Anti-aliasing in analog filters. Lemme try to ...
186 views

### Analog signal can be discrete time?

I am new to this site and field too.I always thought analog is continouos and digital signal is discete. I read this today and got confused about analog signal Analog can be >continuous time(CT)or ...
863 views

### Essential Bandwidth of rect(t/T)

Here is a question I have been trying to solve: Estimate the "essential bandwidth" of a rectangular pulse $$g(t) = \operatorname{rect}\left(\frac{t}{T}\right),$$ with $T>0$, where this "...
61 views

### how to detect signal noise

I have data from a power transformer that has a frequency of 60 hz. Sometimes there are faults in the system and causes a large spike in the reading of the transformer. What I want to do is run the ...
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### How increasing the Signal to Quantization noise increases the resolution of ADC

Inside ADC we have a quantizer, when the sampled signal is passed through it, the signal values get discretized. The number of discrete levels in which the signal is discretized is called the ...
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### Designing a practical integrator

One way to describe a practical integrator ("leaky integrator") is $$H(s) = \frac{g R}{1 + sRC}$$ I am trying to understand how to choose the values $g$, $R$ and $C$ because in practice, I will ...
370 views

### Analog Hilbert transformer

I know the FIR approach, I have seen IIR, to, but I'd like to know if it's possible to implement a Hilbert transformer in analog domain, i.e. with integrators instead of delays. Is it possible? If yes,...
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### Lpcm encoded data kept on an analog source

Let us say i have some digital data placed in a wav file by lpcm method. At a sampling rate of 44.1khz i can place 5.5kb of data per second of audio by choosing two amplitudes (quantas) for each ...
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### Before the birth of computers how people calculated the bandwidths?

In these days we can able to easily calculate the bandwidths with the help of technology, but in olden days where people used the analog phones, how did they calculated the bandwidths?
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### Analog vs. digital communications in PCM and noise [closed]

How do you determine if you are using analog or digital communications? For example when dealing with PCM and noise how can one notice any difference in the signals when using the two types of ...
253 views

### Approximate the magnitude response of an analog filter with a digital filter, starting from its gain expression

I have an analog filter with its frequency response curve in dB described by the following expression: $$N_{dB}=20log_{10}\omega t_1 \sqrt{\frac{1+(\omega t_2)^2}{1+(\omega t_1)^2}}$$ This ...
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### Digital Vs. Analog Phase measurement [closed]

I'm working on a Ultrasonic Transducers resonance tracking system. Where phase shift between Voltage and Current is the feedback signal for my system when phase difference is Zero that means system is ...
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### Nyquist Frequency Phase Shift

The above figure shows in dashed lines sinusoidal signals of the same frequency at three different phase shifts. The signals are then sampled such that the sinusoidal frequency is exactly a half of ...
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### Confusion with ADC conversion in MCP3424

I am learning about ADC MCP3422 Chip, because I want to use ADC Pi chip with my Raspberry Pi which is using MCP3424 ADCs, but I am having trouble understanding how the ADC calculation is done in the ...
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### Low analog lowpass + ADC vs High analog lowpass + ADC + low digital lowpass

I'm doing EEG data collection and my amp forces use of an analog lowpass filter before the ADC. I'm fairly sure that I won't be interested in phenomena associated with frequencies of 30Hz or higher, ...
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### Simple analog anti aliasing filter good enough if signal frequency is far from sampling frequency ? What about equivalent time sampling?

I have one and only one frequency signal, a sine signal at f = 10 kHz that is sampled at Fs = 320 kHz. I have read about applying a simple analog anti aliasing (AAA) filter then oversample, do some ...
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### Why do we use window in time domain rather than do FFT modify the spectrum and than inverse FFT

I thought that DSP would be done by using FFT of portions of a signal, modify the samples that result from FFT (since they represent the spectrum of our signal + noise) and remove any unwanted signals ...
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### Is gamma correction applied in my setup

I am working on a scientific application where I would like to evaluate luminance in an image, however I am unsure if what I receive from my setup is luminance (Y) or luma (Y'). I use a camera with a ...
286 views

### Are there characteristics of photographic film that would make it an analog medium?

There was an article a few years ago entitled "Analog is Not the Opposite of Digital". Film is not analog, period. I used to shoot film on a Canon AE-1 from the ’70s. Now I have a digital SLR from ...
6k views

### If Digital Signal has frequency components then why we don't use it

As we know there are two kinds of signals: analog signals and digital signals. And there are two common techniques for multiplexing the signals: Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) and Frequency ...
So while answering how to design a PI controller for a first order time delayed system (Question Here ) Here is the closed loop equation to a control system:  G_C(s) = \frac{\frac{K}{T}(1-sT)(...