# What does double hat mean in Spectral theory?

I was confused about the double hat notation $\hat{\hat .}$ and my teacher and I thought it probably means an estimate of an estimate most of the time, but we could not be 100% sure of its meaning.

One hat $\hat .$ is an estimate but what does this double hat usually mean? Does it have many different meanings in DSP? Can it mean an estimate of unit vector sometimes? Does it have other signs whatever it means?

Example

You can see such double hat on page such as 213 in Prentice Hall - Modeling Of Dynamic Systems book. In the chapter on Periodograms: Blackman-Tukey's Method, they use this kind of spectral estimate for N length function:

$$\hat\phi_N(\omega)=\int_{-\pi}^{\pi}W_\gamma (\omega-\xi)\hat{\hat{\phi}}_N(\xi)d\xi$$

-